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EDO? laMTSlb 7 

California Stale Library 


University of California 
Berkeley U 

Samuel C. May 




An Outline of lbs Administrative Organization 

VOL. 2 

The Independent Agencies 
from 1940 to 194? 


December 1949 

>! ' 


I .;:■.:: \KY 

SEF I S I960 

n r x\\ \\ 


Accounting Division 15 

Accounting Division 30 

Finance an d Accounts Division 72 

Actuarial and Claims Division JO 

Office of the Adjutant G eneral 112 

Administration Division 29 

Administrat ive Department 70 

Californi a Aeronautics Commission 99 

Agricultural Prorate Advisory Commission 62 

Agricultural Research Study Committee 63 

Alcoholic Beverage Control Division 21 

State Allocation Board y± 

Attorney General's Office 10 

Stat e Bar of California 78 

California Bond Certification Commission 49 

Centennials Advisory Committee 123 

California Centennials C ommission 122 

Claims Auditing and Disbursing Division 15 

Actuarial and Claims Division 30 

Classification and Transactions Division 26 

California Code Commission 91 

Codification Board 93 

Collection Agency License Division 7 

Colorado River Board 46 

Wildlife Conservation Board 43 

Controller's Department 14 

County Budgets and Reports Division 15 
County Waterworks Districts Securities 

Commission 50 
Special Crime Study Commissions 101-103 

California Dairy Industry Advisory Board 64 

California State Council of Defense 85 

California State Disaster Council 3 
California Districts Securities Commission 49 

State Emergency Council 84 

State Employees ' Retirement System 29 

State Board of Equalization 20 

Examining and Recruiting Division 26 
California Farm Debt Adjustment Commission 65 

California Farm Production Council 66 

State Fire Advisory Board 114 

State Fire Marshall 113 

Finance and Accounts Division 72 

Pacific Marine Fisheries Commission 42 

California Bear Flag Commemoration 124 
Monterey Flag Raising Centennial Commission 125 

State Forest Purchase Committee 40 

Franchise Tax Board 23 

Franchise Tax Commissioner 23 

Gasoline Tax Refunds Division 16 
Governor's Council 

Board of State Harbor Commissioners 53 - 55 

Hastings College of the Law 82 

Historical Landmarks Advisory Committee 43 

California Horse Racing Board 76 

Inheritance and Gift Tax Division 15 
California Commission on Interstate Cooperation 

State Irrigation Board 45 

Judicial Council 96 

Land Classification Commission 17 

Tax-Deeded Lands Division 15 

Hastings College of Law 82 

Commission on Uniform State Laws 92 

Legal Division 74 

Legislative Council 89 

State Livestock Sanitary Committee 68 

Marine Research Committee 41 

Motor Vehicle Fuel Tax Division 21 

Motor V ehicle Fuel Tax Refund Division 16 

Office Management Division 2? 

Board of Osteopathic Examiners 79 

Pacific Marine Fisheries Commission 42 

Pay Division 27 

State Personnel Board 8 

State Personnel Board 26 
Board of Pilot Commissioners 56-57 

Office of Planning and Research 3 

State Planning Board 109 
Board of Port Wardensfor the Port of San 

Fransisco 58 

Postwar Public Works Review Board 33 

Poultry Improvement Commission 67 

Public Utitlities Commission 70 

Public Utilities Department 71 

Public Utilities Division 71 

State Public Works Board 36 

Postwar Public Works Review Board 33 

Property Acquisition Board 35 

Commission on Qualifications 97 

Reapport ionment Commission 116 

Reclamation Board 44 
State Reconstruction and Reemployment 

Commission 109 

General Record Depository 8 

Recreation Commission 118 

Examining and Recruiting Division 26 

Redemption Tax Division 16 

State Redevelopment Agency 120 

State Relief Administration 32 

Office of Planning and Research 3 

Research and Statistics Division 22 

Retail Sales Tax Division 21 

State Employees' Retirement System 29 

San Luis Rey Water Authority 47 
California Districts Securities Commission 49 
County Waterworks Districts Securities 

Commission 50 

State Soil C onservation Commission 39 

State Commission on Special Districts 107 

Secretary of State 7 

Digitized by the Internet Archive 

in 2013 

Tax Collection Division 15 

Franchise Tax Board 23 

Franchise Tax Commissioner 23 

Inheritance and Gift Tax Division 15 

Motor Vehicle Fuel Tax Division 21 

Redemptio n Tax Division 16 

Retail Sales Tax Division 21 

Sales and Use Tax Division 21 

Transportation Tax Division 21 

Tax-Deeded Lands Division 15 

Advisory Committee on Tax-Deeded Property 17 

Motor Vehicle Fuel Tax Refund Division 16 

Gasoline Tax Refunds Division 16 

California Toll Bridge Authority 60 

World Trade Center Authorities 127 

Transportation Division 72 

State Treasurer 12 

Treasury Department 12 

Commission on Uniform State Laws 92 

University of California 81 

Public Utilities Commission 70 

Public Utilities Department 71 

Public Utilities Division 71 

Valuation Division 20 

California Veterans ' Board 129 

California Veterans ' Commission 129 

State Commission on Voting Machines 8 

State War Council 86 
Surplus War Property Procurement Advisory 

Eoard 131 

Waste U tilization Commission 67 

San Luis Rey Water Authority 47 

State Water Pollution Control Board 51 

Water Project Authority 45 

State Water Resources Board 48 
County Waterworks Districts Securities 

Commission 50 

Wildlife Conservation Board 43 

Youth Authority 104 


(Explanatory note: Agencies included for their historical interest 

are underscored) 





Governor's Council — California State Disaster Council — 
ysical Planning and Economic Research 



Administration — Collection Agency License Division — Central 
Record Depository — State Commission on Voting Machines 






Administration Division — Claims Auditing and Disbursing 
Division — Accounting Division — Inheritance and Gift Tax 
Division — County Budgets and Reports Division — Tax Collec- 
tion Division — Tax-Deeded Lands Division — Redemption Tax 
Division — Gasoline Tax Refunds Division — Motor Vehicle 
Fuel Tax Refund Division 




General Administration — Valuation Division — Motor Vehicle 
Fuel Tax Division — Sales and Use Tax Division — Retail Sales 
Tax Division — Alcoholic Beverage Control Division — Transpor- 
tation Tiix Division — Assessment Standards Division — Research 
and Statistics Division 





Classification and Transactions Division — Examining and 
Recruiting Division — Pay Division — Office Management 
Division — Office of the Executive Officer 

Administration Division — Accounting Division — Actuarial 
and Claims Division 


. _' * . J • * • • • •»•• • • • 

m^-Cffice of State Relief 



Foard — State Allocation Board — 
- Acquisition — State Public 'Norks Board 




}a:re Cc Lon — Oistric 

r .*'.- t of For '••- - bate M; 
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California Pond Certification Cor 

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ming ] 

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.oners — 

: CciKnissicn. 

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county *-:at srwgres districts securities ( 




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Port Manager 


PILOTS . . . . 

5" an Francisco — Humboldt — San Diego 

Beard cf Pert hardens for the Port of San Francisco 










poultry imfrovsi : ;sion 






Railroad Commission — Administrative Department — Public 
Utilities Division — Finance and Accounts Division — 
Transportation Division — Legal Division 




State Board cf Par Examiners 



Beard of Regents 

Board of Directors 

















Th e Special Crime ol\d y Co mmission on C ri minal .Lav/ and 
Procedure — The Special Crime S:.u<ry Ccrrnisaicn on Adult 
Correctic BeJ - • ■ ' ■'■■ ■'■ \ - — l''C orecial Crime 

Study Cc'rmisTIor! or/ Juvenile Justice — Fr:tj Crucial Crime 
Study Commission o a So cial and r. corio mic C au ses cf Crime 
a.-.: ^;.I i.-:; uancy --The Special Crime Study Commission on 
Organized Crime 


Yo uth Correction Authority 




Citizens Advisory Committees 














— :e:~ni r " t -:a p 7f .M " cc^-'E'VR-vncN cc^icsion 124 

n m'erey .tag raising centennial cqi.tissicn 125 

trade development 

world trade center authorities 127 

Fan Francisco "rrld Trade Center Authority — Los Angeles 
World Trade Center Authority 







Gc ve rncr • s Council 

California State Disaster Council 

Planning and Research 

Lieutenant Governor 
Secretary of State 


The Constitution of 1849 provided that the supreme executive power of 
this state should be vested in a chief magistrate, known as the Governor of 
; .-. State cf California. The Governor has thus been regarded from the be- 

-.3 the leading executive officer in the state government. His gen- 
eral -ewers ■ iui ' _, qualifications, etc., are covered by article V cf 
both the Constitutions of 1249 and 1879. 

The Governor is elected b: r the qualified electors at the time and 
place of voting for members of the Assembly, and he "shall hold his office 
four --ears from and after the first Monday after the first day of January 
' sequent to his election." 

Schedule 1, section 1$, of the Constitution of 1849 stipulated that 
the Governor's salary should be $10,000 per annum. The Legislature was 

srritted to reduce this amount by lav;, but not to increase it. An amend- 
ment to article V, section 19, adopted November 5, 1946, specified that the 
I _^liture could fix at any time the salary of the Governor at any amount 
■• v : -i less than ! 10,000. In 1947 the Legislature set the Governor's salary 
-' . OC per annum. 

Throughout the years the Governor has served en innumerable boards, 
commissions, and committees; and he has been permitted or required to make 
innumerable : . joint) nts. The chief powers and duties of the Governor as 
listed in "Agencies o£ California State Government..^ 1 compiled by the 

erviscr cf Documents in 1934, are as follows: To transact all executive 
business with the civil and military officers of government? to make ap- 
pointments to vacated offices as required by lavrj to convene the Legisla- 
in extraordinary session; to receive reports from executive officers 

and to transmit them, when necessary, to the Legislature and the public; to 
exercise executive clemency in the matters of reprieves, pardons, and commu- 
tations; to act as commander-in-chief of the state militia; to approve or 
disapprove all bills passed by the Legislature. The Governor is also re- 
quired to submit to the Legislature a budget of proposed expenditures and 
estimated revenues for the state government. 

Serving in an advisory capacity as a clearing house of information in 
administrative matters, a council of executive officers assists the Gover- 
nor. In addition to the Governor's Council, the Disaster Council and Ad- 
visory Councils on Physical Planning and Economic Research have been placed 
under the Governor by the Legislature. These groups are discussed below. 

Governor's Council 

The Governor's Council was created in 1927. It now consists of the 
Directors of Finance, Education, Public Works, Motor Vehicles, Public 
Health, Mental Hygiene, Agriculture, Industrial Relations, Social Welfare, 
Natural Resources, Investment, Professional and Vocational Standards, Veter- 
ans' Affairs, Corrections, and the Youth Authority, the State Fire Marshal, 
and the Chairman of the California Employment Stabilization Commission 
(Stats. 1927, ch. 105, p. 196; amended by Stats. 1947, ch. 51, p. 535). 
The council serves as a cabinet for the Governor, meeting monthly for the 
purpose of keeping him and the directors informed in regard to the adminis- 
tration of each department. 

In addition to these statutory members of the Governor's Council, on 
invitation of the Governor the following department heads also make monthly 
reports and attend council meetings: the Attorney General, Director of Em- 
ployment, Insurance Commissioner, and the Commissioner, Department of the 
California Highway Patrol. 

California State Disaster Council 

The emergency war agencies, California State Council of Defense and. 
the State War Council, were replaced by the more permanent California State 
Disaster Council to deal with possible future disasters in the state. 

1945 The California State Disaster Council was to consist of the Governor, 
lieutenant Governor, Attorney General, one representative of the city 
governments and one representative of the county governments, one rep- 
resentative of the American Red Cross, a representative of the city or 
county fire services and a representative of the city or county law 
enforcement services, the President pre tempore of the Senate, and the 
Speaker of the Assembly. Members were to be reimbursed for their ac- 
tual and necessary expenses incurred in connection with their duties. 
The Governor was to be ex officio chairman of the council. The Gover- 
nor was to be the successor of the State Director of Civilian Defense, 
State Director of Civilian Protection, State Director of Civilian V.'ar 
Services, and Director cf California State Par Council. Advisory com- 
mittees were to be appointed by the Governor to assist in specific 
fields of civilian protection, war services, and disaster preparedness. 

Stats. 1945, ch. 1024, p. 1973. Approved June 25, 1945; in effect 
Sept. 15, 1945. 

Physical Planning and Economic Researc h 

Since the program involved the correlation cf activities of the state 
departments, the responsibility for planning and research was placed in the 
Governor's office in 1947. It was thought that friction would thus be 
avoided. The Governor, in effect, became the State Planning Board. 

The Office cf Director of Planning and Research (Stats. .1947, ch. 14< 
p. 2967. Approved July 12, 1947; in effect Sent. 19, 1947) was established 
in the Governor's office, succeeding to all the powers, duties, and respon- 
sibilities cf the State Reconstruction and Reemployment Commission relating 
to planning. The director was to be aopointed by and serve at the pleasure 
of the Governor at a salary rot to exceed "10,000 ner year. 

The law provided for two advisory councils, one en physical planning, 
?ther or. economic research. The number of members that were to serve 
on Li.e councils were not specified in the act. The members of these coun- 
cils were bo receive nc compensation, but were to receive $20 per diem for 

ce at a council meeting, plus actual and necessary ex- 
. 2 ' v., .'ere tc be appointed by and serve at the pleasure of 
Governor. Two meml ers of the legislature were to confer with these 
council members . 

Two state interdepartmental advisory committees, one on physical plan- 
ning and. the other en research, were also established. The committee mem- 
bers were to be appointed by and serve at the pleasure of the Governor, 
from among the departments snd agencies of the state expert en planning and 
research matters. 

ds have not been appropriated by the legislature for the sunpert of 
the Office of Director of Planning and Research. 

\ i 


The office cf lieutenant C-cvernor is also a constitutional one, being 
provided for in article V of the Constitutions of 1849 and 1879. The 
lieutenant Governor is elected at the same time and place and in the same 
manner as the Governor. His term of office and qualifications of eligibil- 
ity are the same. 

Compensation for the Lieutenant Governor has changed several times 
since 1908, when a ccnstituticnal amendment established it at $4»000 per 
annum. An act of 19A5 (ch. 1.143, ?. 2134) increased this amount to $10,000; 
an amendment to article V, section 19, adopted November 5, 1946, specified 
that the Legislature could fix at any time the salary of the lieutenant 
Governor at any amount not less than o5,0C0. In 1947 the Legislature set 
the salary at $12,000 per annum. 

If for any reason the office cf Governor is vacated, the powers and 
duties of that office devolve upon the Lieutenant Governor. The latter 
officer is also the President of the Senate, although he casts a vote only 
In case of a tie. He has served on various boards and commissions, and at 
the present time he is a member cf the Advisory Pardon pcard, the California 
Toll Bridge Authority, the California State Disaster Council, and the State 
Lands Co, .mission. He is chairman c£ the Reapportionment Commission,- a body 
which was created by article IV, section 6, of the Constitution as amended 
November 3, 1942. The lieutenant Governor is also ex officio a Repent of 
the University of California. 


The office of Secretary of State is a constitutional one, being provi- 
ded fcr in article V, section 18, of the Constitution of 1849. The original 
text stated that this officer was to be appointed by the Governor by and 
with the advice and consent of the Senate. An amendment adopted September 3, 
1362, provided that the Secretary of State should be elected at the same 
tine and place and in the same manner as the Governor and Lieutenant Gover- 
nor, with the same term of office. These provisions were repeated in the 
Constitution of 1879* His duties were to keep a correct record of the of- 
ficial acts of the legislative and executive branches of the government, 
and to perform such other duties as might be assigned him by law. Fcr his 
many duties in connection with elections, see the latest Election Code. 

The salary of the Secretary of State is the same as that of the Lieu- 
tenant Governor, $12,000 per annum. The amendment to article V, section 
19, adopted November 5, 1946, specified that the Legislature could fix at 
any time the salary of the Secretary of State at any amount not less than 

The functions of the Secretary of State have been divided into three 
subdivisions: Administration Division, the Collection Agency License Divi- 
sion, and a Central Record Depository. The Secretary of State is responsi- 
ble for publishing the Roster of Public Officials of the state. 


The general administrative functions of the Secretary of State 

are located in this division. 
Collection Agency License Division 

The Collection Agency License Division was created in the office 

of Secretary of State in 1927. The Secretary of State appoints a 
Superintendent of Collection Agencies and a Collection Agency Board 
of three members to examine all applicants for licenses. The board 
members serve for three years and receive only necessary expenses. 

Central Record Depository 

1947 An act "relating to the establishment of a central record depos- 
itory in the office of the Secretary of State" was passed in 
1947. All valuable records of the state were to be filed and 
preserved in this bureau. 

Stats. 1947, ch. 1556, p. 3197. Approved July 18, 1947; in 
effect Sept. 19, 1947- 

1949 The State Personnel Board established in the office of the 
Secretary of State the position of Archivist and Manager of 
Central Records, to carry out the provisions of the Government 
Code (Title 2, Div. 3, Fart 2, Ch. 3, Articles 4 and 6) regard- 
ing the State Archives and the Central Record Depository. 

State Commission en Voting Machines 

The Governor, Secretary cf State, and Attorney General are the 
State Commission en Voting Machines. No voting machine shall be used 
unless that type cf machine has received the approval of the commis- 
sion prior to any election at which it is to be first used. 

Attorney General 


The office of Attorney General is provided for in the Constitution. 
He is the principal law officer of the state in both civil and criminal 
matters. In 1944 the Attorney General was made the director of the new 
Department of Justice. 

The annual salary of the Attorney General was fixed by the Constitu- 
tion, article V, section 21, to be the same as that for an associate jus- 
tice of the Supreme Court. At present the sum is £16,000 (Stats. 1947, 
ch. 1240, p. 2747). 

The duties of the Attorney General, briefly, are to attend the Supreme 
Court and prosecute or defend all cases to which the state of California is 
a party, and to institute suits in behalf of the state; to exercise super- 
visory power over district attorneys and other enforcement officers; to 
assist district attorneys at times in the discharge of their duties; to 
render opinions to state agencies and officers; and to direct the adminis- 
trative functions of the Department of Justice. He is, in short, the chief 
attorney and law officer cf the state. 

In addition to directing the Department of Justice, the Attorney Gen- 
eral acts in an ex officio capacity as a member of the California District 
Securities Commission and serves cs a member of the Reapportionment Commis- 
sion, the V.'ater Project Authority, and the California State Disaster Council, 

The organization of the Department cf Justice is discussed in volume 1, 
p. 103. 



Controller's Department 

visory Cc.~J.ttce or. Tax-Deeded Property 
Land Classification Coir£dssion 
State Board of Equalization 
Pi nchise Tax Commissioner 
franchise Tax Board 


The California Constitution, adopted in 1349 and revised in 1#79, 
created the office of the State Treasurer, who was to serve as an elective 
I t' officer for a term of four years. 

In 1945 the salary of the Treasurer was raised to $10,000 (ch. 1143* 
p. 216'4). In 1947 the salary of the Treasurer was increased in the same 
manner as that for the Governor, Lieutenant Governor, State Controller, 
Secretary of State, and Superintendent of Public Instruction. An amendment 
to article V, section 19, adopted November 5, 1946, specified that the 
Legislature could fix at any time the salary of the Treasurer at any amount 
not less than .^5,000 per annum. The 1947 legislature set the Treasurer's 
salary at £12,000 (ch. 1442, p. 30C9). 

rhe duties of the Treasurer have been more specifically limited to one 
fj -Id than have those, for example, of the Secretary of State. In general 
his duties are to receive and keen in custody the state's moneys and secur- 
ities, to disburse the public moneys en warrants drawn by the Controller, 
Iminister the law relating to the sale of state bonds and the re- 
ticn and interest payments upon them. 

e State Treasurer is a member of various State Finance Committees, 
-. - her c£ the Califoi r .\'ater Project .■'. ithority, and the Treasurer and. 
Custodian of bh ent Fund. 

The T: rtment is not organized into specific administrative 

iivisions. Inasmuch as the rreasurer's duties are more or less unified 
in character, his office o] 3 as a whole in carrying them out. 

As organized October 1, 1949 










1 3 Controller's Department was created by the original State Constitu- 
n in 1349 and retained in the revised Constitution of 1879. It was pro- 
t,hat the Controller should be elected at the same tirr.e and in the same 
?r as the Governor. The compensation of the Controller has been in- 

creased in the s - manner as that for the Secretary of State, the Treasurer, 

: Suxeri ident of Public Instruction. In 1945 (ch. 1143, p. 2164) 
the Legist Increased his salary to £10,000, and xKtioc in 1947 (ch. 1442, 
?. 3009) it was set at £12,000 per annum. 

The Controller's Department has functioned as a vital part of the 
California state government from the beginning of its existence. The Con- 
troller is the chief fiscal officer of the state; he is charged with draw- 
ing warrants on the Treasury for payment upon appropriations made by law 
and with collecting taxes due the state. Part of his authority rests with 
the office itself and part is due to the fact that the legislature has made 

jntroller ex officio member of the Board of Control and of the Board 
of i Equalization. The Controller is a member of many boards, commissions, 
The Advisory -• * on Tax-Deeded Property (see page 17) functions 
n advisory body on tax-sold and tax-deeded property for the Controller. 


varie - '■"'■'■ ;ned *■ Controller are carried on by a gen- 
eral Administration ' ion, in which are grouped the Controller, Deputy 
•Controllers, and general office f. In addition to the Administration 
i are the seven divisions described below. 

•."-'itir'f -. nd Dlc T "ursir.g Divicicn 

: s divisicn performs the functions cf auditing all claims against 
state where there are sufficient previsions of lav/ for their payment, 
■.: - =.11 warrants covering the expenditures cf the varicus state de- 

untmg Division 

Accounting Division has been functioning as a separate division 
-,;3. This division maintains accounting records covering the re- 
, disbursements, and balances in all funds in the State Treasury. 

" ' r. ' __ '1ft ?.-■: Tivf^icn 

he Inheritance and Gift Tax Divisicn v;as specifically created by law 
• - - Lnister the Inheritance Tax Lav; and the Gift Tax La'-:. 

-■•;■ " ■.. h-- t3 r.r.d Rer.-rts DJ-rLnLcn 

C unty I - ! :ets and Reports Division was created by the Ccntrcller 
".'.3 tc carry cut the duties in connection with the County Budget Act. 
iivisicn . . - s '-he t\nnua] Report cf Financial Transactions of *'uni- 

- - 

Lects dIi tax, the insurance cc anies tax, 

ion tax, and the nd gas tax through 

the ' Lcn. 

3 inc! ' ■ ' 

:-7 ed T'n 1 ' Divisicn is responsible for the cur, l c nd idmin- 

•n cf all land te for ncn-t y ent cf taxes. .'.'c7-; J i 

after 1942 the former Redemption Tax Division was renamed Tax-Deeded Lands 
Division. The chief of this division is secretary to the Advisory Committee 
["ax-Deeded Property. 

line Tax Refunds Division 

This division was formerly called the Kotor Vehicle Fuel Tax Refund 
ision. Ex^.c + -ly when the designation Gasoline Tax Refunds Division was 
adopted is not known. 

\ i 


The Advisory Committee on Tax-Deeded Property was established by the 
same act that set up the land Classification Commission. The committee in 
1943 replaced the abolished land Classification Commission, 

1940 The committee was to consist of six members; three members were 
to represent the interests of the counties and three members 
were to represent the interests of the cities. The members were 
appointed by and held office at the pleasure of the Governor on 
the recommendation of the Controller. The members were to serve 
without compensation, but were to receive actual and necessary 
expenses incurred in the performance of their duties. The com- 
mittee functioned as an advisory body on tax-sold and tax-deeded 
property for the Controller. 

Stats. 1940, ch. 47, p, 131 (1st Ex. Sess.). Approved June 1, 
1940 j in effect June 1, 1941. 

1943 The Advisory Committee on Tax-Deeded Property replaced the Land 
Classification Commission, and the six members of the committee 
were increased to nine members. The three additional members 
were to represent the interests of irrigation districts, recla- 
mation districts, and conservation districts. The chief of the 
:-Deeded Lands Division is secretary of the committee. 

Stats. 1943, ch. 754, p. 2527. Approved Pay 2'6, 1943 J in effect 
Aug. 4, 1943. 


The Land Classification Commission was created for the purpose of es- 
tablishing a final classification of property which had been deeded to the 
state. The commission worked closely with the Controller's office. 

1941 The Land Classification Commission was to consist of three com- 
missioners appointed by and serving at the pleasure of the 
Governor. Cne commissioner was to be a specialist in agricul- 
tural economics, cne in real property taxation, and cne in 
conservation and regional planning. The secretary of the com- 
mission was to be the chief of the redemption tax department 
in the Controller's office. 

Stats. 1%0, 1st Ex. Sess., ch. 47, p. 131. Approved June 1, 
1940; in effect June 1, 1941. 

1943 The sections in the Revenue and Taxation Code that established 

■ • the Land Classification Commissicn were repealed in 1943. The 

Advisory Committee en Tax-Deeded Property replaced the land 

Classification Commission. 

M Stats. 1943, ch. 1$k, P. 2527, Approved May 26, 1943; in ef- 
fect vig. k, 1943. 

As organized October 1, 1949 



The State Beard of Equalization plays an important role in the state 
government as the agency responsible for the general administration of tax 
laws. It is charged with the assessing or collecting of certain specific 
taxes and with various other duties, such as the enforcement and control of 
alcoholic beverages in the state and acting as a beard of appeals from ac- 
tion of the Franchise Tax Commissioner on bank and corporation franchise 
taxes and personal income taxes. The board is composed of five members, 
four elected by districts and the fifth being the State Controller, who is 
elected at large and serves ex officio. The elected officers serve for a 

term of four years at a salary of $12,000. (Stats . 1947, ch. 1442, p. 3009 J - 
Stats. 1949, ch. 1580, p. 282.) 

The internal organization of the board into seven divisions, under the 

general direction of the Executive Secretary, conforms closely to the taxes 

entrusted to its administration. A description of the subdivisions follows. 

General Administration 

The general administrative functions of the State Board of Equaliza- 
tion are under the supervision of the Executive Secretary. He plans and 
poor .id supervises administration of the activities of the board, 
I Lng . " public relations, employment of personnel, ac- 

pounting, and office man snt. 

" :\ 3 _ J_ \ ■ ?'!-■■ i'-icri 

The Valuation Division of the board was formed in November 1933, fol- 
lowing adoption of article XIII, section 14, of the constitution. Under 
this amendment the Stal rd of Equalization was required to --nnss pub- 
lic utility nr rty s b its actual value. 

• ' *" or ■'' : '' ^ c ^ ^"il Tax Division 

The Gasoline Tax Act, now called the Kotor Vehicle Fuel License Tax 
Act, was passed in 1923. The latest amendment to this act resulted in an 
... tax rate from 3 cents to hh cents per gallon of motor vehicle 
for use on the public highways of California (Stats. 1%7, 1st 

>s., ch. 11, p. 3788). licenses are issued to distributors, and the 

; rrom ;ach one is computed by the State Board of Equalization; the 

collected by the Controller. The Kotor Vehicle Fuel Tax Division ad- 
ministers the board's functions under the act. It is also charged with the 
stration cf the Use Fuel Tax Act of 1937. 

Sales and Use Tax Division 

The operations o£ the Sales and Use Tax Division constitute the lar- 
gest single activity cf the State Ecard of Equalization. The division was 
est ■:'■ Lished in 1933, being called at that time the Retail Sales Tax Divi- 

A3 z> - h :11c T "-- "- v ~e Control Pi vidian 

ltd of Equalization is authorized by the constitution to 

iicj:i;:e th tufacture, i np> bi< , ind sale of intoxicating liquors in 
[ . ' Lven to it by section 22 ci' article XX, as 

tied en I' 34. Various liq or control and excis .: acts, 

in Lditicn, hav« been q Lning + d.-, dutL; s of 

board in this field. 

i . .■ : 1 ^n 
The i:ctcr Vehicle Transportation License Tax was parsed in 1933. A 
... ; gross receipts tax en hi .Tiers is adrainistei ;d by the 

Transportation Tax Division with certain functions being given also to the 
State Controller and to the Department of Motor Vehicles. An smendment to 
this act was passed in 1947 that allows a carrier to credit against his 
gross receipts tax liability one third of the unladen weight fees paid on 
the vehicles used to produce taxable gross receipts (Stats. 1947, 1st Ex, 
Sess., ch. 11, p. 3738). 

Av^'-Trr.-x-nt Standards Division 

Assessment Standards Division was created by the State Board of Equal- 
ization en August 1, 1933, for the purpose of working with the local asses- 
sors in an effort to secure better original assessments and to minimize the 
necessity for further equalization orders involving local property tax 
assessment and collection. 

Research "nd Statistics Division 

The Research and Statistics Division was formally organized August 1, 
1933, when it was set up as a staff agency within the State Board of Equal- 
ization. It functions as a coordinating group for statistical data prepared 
in the other divisions of the to'.rd. 

The office of Franchise Tax Commissioner was created in 1929 to admin- 
ister the Bank and Corporation Franchise Tax Act. The Director of Finance, 
the Controller, and the Chairman of the State Board of Equalization were to 
^appoint the Franchise Tax Commissioner and to prescribe his term of office 
and his compensation. The Commissioner has authority to make all rules and 
regulations to' carry out the provisions of the 1929 act, the 1937 Corpora- 
tion Income Tax Act, and the 1935 Personal Income Tax Act. His office con- 
sists of a Franchise Tax Division, which handles bank and corporation fran- 
chise taxes and corporation income taxes, a Personal Income Tax Division, 
and several units which perform functions related to both divisions and all 
three tax acts. These units are appeals and review, legal, collections, 
accounting, and statistical that are included under the general heading of 
Administrative Services. 

The duties and activities of the Franchise Tax Commissioner will be 
taken over by the Franchise Tax Board in January 1950. (Stats. 1949, ch. 
1188, p. 2109. Approved July 25, 1949; in effect Oct. 1, 1949.) 

An act creating a Franchise Tax Board, consisting of the State Con- 
troller, the Director of Finance, and the chairman of the State Board of 
Equalization, was passed in 1949 (ch. 1188, p. 2103). Tne board will suc- 

le vities, powers, purposes, and jurisdiction o£ the Franchise Tax 
Cc issioner, ar.d the latter office will be abolished. The Franchise Tax 
Board is authorized to appoint an executive officer to perform the duties 
delegated to him by the board. "Said civil executive officer may be removed 
by the board only with the consent of two-thirds of the Senate." The pro- 
visions of this act shall become effective January 1, 1950. 


State Personnel Board 

:e Eniplcyees' P.etirement System 

As organized October 1, 1949 

ic;.tich u:d transactions division 
•.; [thing and recruiting division 
pay division 

cffic2 manage! sit division 
office cf the executive officer 


'. civil service £ . for the State c£ California was established in 

,-■ : ■■- the system was entrusted first to a State Civil 
Lssicn, I be various ether ; jencies, until a State Personnel 

Re a: ' s created by constitutional rrn iue'nt in 1934. The board was to 

. 1 , Lnted by the Governor with the advice and con- 
cent of the Senate for " terra of ten years. The compensation for each 

enl iv ■ ; : ! Ln 1945 to -'3,600 (ch. 121, p. 533). The board 

authori 1 : to ' ppoint n executive officer who should be a member of 
the state sivil service but not a member of the beard (Const., art. XXIV, 

■; j. u. present tj i the bes.rd i< sul livj ; : r : Into the Classification 

■', Divd 1 , the I waning and Recruiting Division, the Pay 
Lcn, and Gffic- Management Division. In addition to the divisions 

. ■ - I service sections which may be regarded as subdivisions in 

■ f the Pxecutive C r "icer. These are discussed belcw. 

1 1 

ic division 

CI issific-at'j . ... :ti< is Division r^.s the responsibility 

Leal wo r' alloc tion < f individual positions 

. •_ svised class s] cific tions, -, r.d the 

re -ific irocses and r or con- 

with ] ; ■, . ■ - ir ^' r '-' " '' • 


• • livii '-ry }" c of the review of an- 

■ Lcn cJ publicity, 1 :t Lcn, 

inictration, and scoring c£ examinations, the notification cf candidates 
regarding tect results, and the establishment of eligible lists. 

?"-,;/ ,";i vision 

The Pay Division conducts statewide salary surveys and recommends ap- 
- rcpriate salary ranges for the various classes, establishes rates fcr 
classes compensated en a prevailing wage basis, reviews and makes recommen- 
dations on special salary adjustments, and reccrnrr.enis work-week groups for 
the various positions. 

Office I' '-. : . . nt Division 

The Office Management Division consists of a number cf clerical service 
units including the Accounting Section, Certification Section, Information 
Service Section, Roster Section, Clerical Services Section, General Files 
E :cticn, Mail and Mimeograph Unit, the San Franciscc Branch Office, and the 
lea Angeles Branch Office. 

C 'fics cf th« . ecutive Officer 

Under the Office of the Executive Officer are such service sections as 
Veterans Personnel Cervices, State Training Services, Personnel Management 
s, and Cooper Personnel Cervices. 

As organized October 1, 1949 

.-.:.:'-:::r-unci; division 
:: ■;: ting division 


stat?: : i ■:F:cr::^3 , retirement sysi 

; ' ,ate Employees' Retirement System was adopted by the people in 
1930 " 7 adding section 22a to article IV cf the state ccnstituticn. A 
cf a i Lnistration cf eight, members manages the retirement system. 
. - • members of the board are elected by the active members cf the systemj 
Governor appc ints t ro - nbers of the beard, one cf whom must be an of- 
ficial cf a b; ' 5 the ether an official of a life insurance company; the 
three ct] 3r mem 1 rs are th Director c£ Finance, a member cf the State Per- 
scr.n 1 Beard v;ho is ' a by that board, and an efficial of the University 
ci California who is chosen by the University Regents. The term cf office 
for the three elected members znd the two Governor appointees is four years. 
The members cf the board serve without compensation, but receive their ac- 
,uai and necessary expenses. The beard appoints an executive officer who 
Is in charge of ' Iministrative duties cf the board (Stats. 1947, ch. 206, 

>. 773). 

In 1947 tl tirement ci Legislators was added to the retirement sys- 

tem of the state (ch. 879, n - 2053). The .legislators' Retirement System is 
administered separately by the Board of Administration cf the State Employ- 
ees' Retirement System. 

t j he ret: ' " ■ ' 

irr/ :.. ..: Division, the .\cc ion, and the Actu- 

: 1 nd C] i ri sicn. 

tration Di 

ration dsicn as organ: time after 1946, when it 

decided to creat* ens + :. cut the functions of the retirei 

1946 The Accounting Division was created in the retirement system, 
uocn the recommendation cf the Department of Finance, sometime 
in 1946. 
• . .:1 'i -ri al ani C T -d'T, Division 

I946 The Actuarial and Claims Division was craated at the same time 
as the Accounting Division under the reorganization recommenda- 
tions of the Department of Finance. 


State Relief Administration 
State Relief Commission 

Fcstv.-ar Construction and Employment 

Fcstv;ar Public Korks Review Poard 
State Allocation Heard 
Property Acquisition Hoard 
State Public T orks Hoard 


The State Relief Administration was an agency of the state government 
?. — ted originally to alleviate distress caused by depression conditions 
(Stats. 1933, oh. 207, p. 677). This agency functioned until June 30, 1941, 
when tl Itate legislature failed to appropriate funds for its continued 
existence. In 1943 it was abolished, as were the State Relief Commission, 
created in 1931, and t". "ice cf State Relief Administrator (Stats. 1943, 
ch. 960, p. 2343. Approved June 1, 1943; in effect Aug. 4, 1943). The 
Department of Finance succeeded to and had possession of all real and Per- 
il property of the State Relief Administration. 

It was the function of the beard to allocate the appropriations 

granted by the legislature to the local agencies for postwar public 

works programs "comprising the preparation cf surveys and plans and 

specifications for proposed public works and the acquisition of 

rights-of-way and sites for major streets, roads, bridges, sewerage 

and other public facilities." 

Stats. 1944, 4th Ex. Sess., ch. 47, p. 198. 

1947 The Postwar Public '.orks Review Board was abolished and its powers, 

duties, and responsibilities were transferred tc the State Allocation 

Board . 

Stats. 1?47, ch. 243, o. 810. Approved May 14, 1947; in effect 
Sept. 19, 1947. 

State Allocation Board 

The State Allocation Board was created in 1946 as the administrative 
agency for the Construction and Employment Act that provided for "making an 
Impropriation for allocation to cities, counties, and cities and counties 
tc develop a postwar public works program comprising the preparation cf 
surveys and plans and specifications for proposed public works and the ac- 
quisition of rights of way and sites for major streets, roads, bridges, 
sewerage and other public facilities, and providing the procedure for mak- 
ing such allocation...". 

1946 By nt of the Construction and Employment Act. after its passage 

the State Allocation Pc r as named the administrative agency for the 

act in place of a state public works board. The membership consisted 

of t] - ctor of Finance, the Director rf Public "orks, and the Real 

, oner. rs of rs of the 

re to act in an : /■ '■ l - r the beard. 

Stats. 1946, 1st Ex. Sess., ch. 20, p. 32. Passed ever Governor's 
veto Feb. 13, 1946 ; in effect May 21, 1946; ch. 103, o. 131. Ap- 
proved March 5, 1946; in effect May 21, 1946. 

1947 The membership of the State Allocation Board was changed in 1947 to 
consist of the Director cf Finance, the Director of Public Works, and 
the Superintendent of Public Instruction instead of the Real Estate 
Commissioner. The four members of the legislature continued tc func- 
tion as advisors to the board. 

Stats. 1947, ch. 92, p. 567. Approved Aor. 28, 1947; in effect 
Sept. 19, 1947. 

The Allocation Hoard succeeded to the powers and duties cf the Postwar 

Public T ''orks Review Beard. 

Stats. 1947, ch. 2A3, p. 810. Approved Kay 14, 1947; in effect 
Sept. 19, 1947. 

Frorerty Acquisition Board 

1 - - - ■ - 

The Property Acquisition Board, was created in 1944 for the purpose cf 
acquiring r>rcoerty for furtherance of the postwar construction program. 
the board consisted cf the Director cf Finance, the Director cf Public 
tfcrks, and the Peal Estate Commissioner. The chairman and one additional 

tber c£ the Senate Committee on the Postwar Construction Program, and the 
chairman and one additional member of the Assembly Committee en Postwar Re- 
habilitation, bo advise with the beard. 

31 its. 1944, ' , 3., ch. 18, p. 149. Approved June 19, 1944; in 
Sepb. 12, 1944. 

1947 The Property Acquisition Heard was abolished. Its powers and duties 
re transferred to the State Public '"orks Beard. 

ats< x r ". • " • 1795* Approved June 14, 1947; in effect 
pt. 19, 1947. 

S rate Pu b 1 i c '• brV^ Poard 

The State Public 'crks 3oard was established in 1946 fcr the purpose 
cf determining the needs cf the state agencies in regard to construction, 
improvements, and equipment. The board, like the Allocation Board, was to 
act to alleviate unemployment in the postwar years if necessary. The board 
is an advisory '.rent to the Division of Public "crks and Acquisition in the 
State Department of Finance. 

1946 The State Public "crks Board was created in 1946 by the State Postwar 
Construction Act. The board was to consist of the Director of Finance, 
the Director cf Public Works, and the Real Estate Commissioner. Two 
members of the Senate and two meir.bers c£ the Assembly were to act in 
an advisory capacity tc the board and were constituted a legislative 
interim committee on the subject of the act. The ir.e;;bers were to re- 
ceive no compensation, but vera tc be reimbursed frr their actual and 
necessary expenses. 

Stats. 1946, 1st Ex. Sees., ch. 145, p. 137. Approved March 13, 1946; 
in effect ' y 21, 1946. 

1947 The State Public "crks Board succeeded tc the powers and duties of the 
Property Acquisition Board, 

5tats. 1947, 2h. 740, p. 1795. Approved June 14, 1947; in effect 
pt. 19, 1947. 

- Lvj UU.'.L>_rtJ .»;._,' UUJ -'../.. v.. i J.V. . 

• isn . no .-. j C cmrmssicn 

trict Oil and C-as Commissioners 
State Heard cf Forestry 
I L .o fining Poard 
e irk Commission 
- ' - . - ■ 1 Cc servaticn Commission 
3" be For st Purchase Committee 
"' rine Research Committee 
Pacific I.'arine fisheries Commission 
Wildlife Conservation Beard 
Historical Landi irks Advisory Committee 

Reclamation Beard 

3 Irrd re tion Bo- rd 
::• Project Au the rity 
Ci :'- dc R3 ■: ' rd 
San Luis Rey 1 ' r Authority 
: urces ?c<::,ri 

i Lets Securities Commission 
County ' atervcrl s Districts Securities Commission 

ition Control " : 

- - • 


The Fish and Game Commission, District Cil and Gas Commissioners, 
State Foard of Forestry, State Fining Foard, ax\d the State Park Commission 
are policy-forming agencies connected with the Department of Natural Re- 
sources, r further discussion of these agencies, see Ferina, i -.lifcrnia 

State ^cvemr.ent, Vol. I, p. 129. 

Also related to that department are the State Scil Conservation Com- 
missicn, State Forest Purchase Committee, !-'arine Research Committee, 
Pacific Marine Fisheries Commission, Wildlife Conservation "card, and the 
Historical Landmarks Advisory Committee. These are discussed in the 
following pages. 


Throughout the United States in recent years efforts have teen made to 
conserve the soil as cne of the country's great natural resources. Calif- 
• ' lowed this trend in 193S when the Legislature passed an act which 
lar '. ; a state oolicy of soil conservation through the prevention or crn- 
trcl of soil erosion (7ix. "ess., ch. 7). The State Soil Conservation Com- 
mittee of three ex officio members receiv-. I n< appropriations fro™ the 
legislature during the period 193-S-1945. (See Stats. 1941, ch. 600, p. 1995.) 
1945 " n " amendment cf the Public Resources Code, Division 9, the Committee 
v.-. 3 rep] iced by the State Soil Conservation Commission, consisting of 
five members: the State engineer, the Dean cf the College cf Agricul- 
ture of the University c£ California, and the Director of Agricultural 
Extension of 1 It; of California-, serving ex officio, and two 
e::ibers tc be appointed by the Governor f r : bern of .'■ r srs, ;- r ith 
represent bicn fr: ■:.< :he northern and southern portions of the 
s1 . The of ;icn was b< prcmot he ' - •• tticn of soil conserva- 
: -.^ | .j_ c t Sj to investigate . i tricts, tc ; '--' e and cecp- 

ra1 i . il :onscrv t: itivities, and L: 1 tc administer 

•• . An 517,501 rani I. 
1 i . ' :h. 11*7, p. 2239. July 9, ; ' ct 

J v . . .; ; . 

:. ::. : ! : : ?, ■ ' ' > 3d, and ti 

.. ,- . rrent cf 

; r .i resource . ' ' Lfornj tate C-cvemment , 

Vol. I, p. 133.) 

[ ; - 

TO 1 ': 

s. 1949, ch. 10j 1. Approved duly 20, 1949 j Ln fcer 1, 


Certain forest conservation duties of the Department cf natural Re- 
sources and the State Beard of Forestry (see C ' "!_: *Vrr ^' n V t ate f-c vc rn ~ c n ^ f 
Vcl. 1) have recently been facilitated by creation cf the State Fcrest Pur- 
chase Committee in 1945. The committee is composed cf the Governor, the 
Director of ' . ., the . or of Natural Resources, and the Chairman of 

• ,rd of Forestry, and its purpose is that cf approving the ac- 
quisition cf for • nds upon data Presented to it by the State Eoard of 
Forestry. The committee may ret approve the acquisition cf any lands un- 
less it receives a favorable recommendation passed by the board cf super- 
visors of the county in which the land is situated. 
btats. 1?45, ch. 31? , p. 774. Approved Fay 10, 1945; in effect Sept. 15, 


The Marine Research Committee was created in 19V7 fcr the purpose of 
ecnducting research in the development cf commercial fisheries cf the 
Pacific Ccean and cf marine products susceptible to being made available to 
the people cf California. A privilege tax cf fifty cents fcr each ten of 
sardines aurchased or taken v -;> r every person within four years following 
September 19> 19A7, was assessed. The proceeds cf this tax were to be paid 
into the Fish -and Game Preservation Fund. Two and one half per cent of 
this money was available for support c£ the Division of Rich and Game; the 
remainder was to be disbursed at the direction of a majority of the Marine 
Research Committee solely for the purpose of financing the research fcr 
which the committee was founded. 

The nine-member committee was t^ include the President o£ the Pish and 

mission, the Executive Director cf the Pish and Game Commission, 

I the Chief of the Bureau of Marine Fisheries, who were to be ex officio 

:. rs of the committee. The other six members c£ the committee were to 

be appointed by the Governor for a term of two years. The members were to 

be reimbursed for their actual and necessary expenses, but the sum was not 

lo exceed fifty dollars oer month r er member. 

. '. . ■ , ■■.■'.,. - • '■■■'"::'■} ' ■ V; > 




In November 1946 a tri-state compact (California, Oregon, and Kashing- 
tcn) was adopted for the pjrpose cf promoting better utilization of fisher- 
ies cf mutual concern tc the states, and of developing a joint conservation 
. gram. The compact was to establish a Pacific Marine Fisheries Ccmmis- 
n modeled ifter the Itlantic Marine Fisheries Compact to which the sig- 
r tor;' states appoint one or more representatives. It was to be essentially 
an investigating and research body v/ith authority to submit specific recom- 
mendations to the respective states. 

194-7 The Governor of California was authorized by the legislature tc ap- 
point three commissioners to the Pacific Marine Fisheries Commission 
for a term of four years. One commissioner was tc be a member of the 
Legislature who was a member cf a ccrrnittee on interstate cooperation 
of the legislature: one v;as to be the administrative or ether officer 
cf the deoartment or agency of the state charged with the conservation 
cf its marine fisheries resources: and the third was tc be a citizen 
of the state with wide knowledge and interest in the marine fisheries 
lem. Each Lssicner who was not a state officer i:as to receive 
] rs for a. lay cf actual service, and eac -.Loner was 
tc be rei bursed for his actual and necessary travel expenses. 

Stats. 1947,- ch. 1447, p. -3014. Approved July 17, 1947; in effect 
Sept. 1?, 1947. 


"An act to provide for a recreational program and for the acquisition 
and construction of lands and facilities for the propagation and conserva- 
tion of wild life..." was passed in 1947. The Wildlife Conservation Board 
was created to administer the act. 

1947 The Wildlife Conservation Board was established in 1947 in the Depart- 
ment cf Natural Resources. The beard was to consist of the President 
of the Fish and Game Commission, the executive officer designated by 
the commission, and the Director cf Finance. Three members of the 
Senate and three members cf the Assembly were to become an interim in- 
vestigating committee on the subject of this act. The members were to 
receive no compensation, but were to be reimbursed for their actual 
and necessary expenses. 

Stats. 1947, ch. 1325, p. 2831. Approved July 10, 1947; in effect 
Sept. 19, 1947. 


The Historical Landmarks Advisory Committee was created in 1949, to 
consist of seven 1 embers appointed by the Governor. The ccrrattee has au- 
thority tc ; ake a continuing survey of ail important historical sites in 
\ state and co rec< te tate Fv ds ion these which shall 

officially - red; tc r?c and consider applies . r lesigna- 

ticn ..::-. Lon cC any his .1 wilding or 1 k; tc recciOT.end 
t. ■ Stats '.:.:';<:. issi< lificatiens or ce of registered 
il buildings and ] , the type of -iptive ma- 

lal to be included thereon, ■ I toric 11 landroaj ich 

... 1 ali f i ed f o r • 

. ' ',9, ch. 143. A 6, 1949; i ' ■• '■'-•• 


Very early in the history cf California state government the legisla- 
tors displayed an interest in the nroblem cf swamp and overflowed lands. 
Various agencies were created and abolished and certain districts were es- 
tablished over and over again, but no coordinated plan of development sur- 
vived for any extended period until the Reclamation Beard was established 
in 1911. 

The board consists of seven members appointed by and serving at the 
pleasure of the Governor. The Director of Finance is executive officer of 
the board for the purpose of reporting to the Governor's Council. Each ap- 
pointed member cf the board was to receive necessary expenses incurred in 
the performance of official duties and $20 for sach day in attendance at 
board meetings, but his total annual salary was not to exceed $1,000. 

The board functions as the agency for carrying cut the plan cf con- 
trolling the flood water of the Sacramento and San Joaquin Rivers and their 
t r -i mtaries fcr the improvement and preservation of navigation and the 
reclamation and protection cf lands that are susceptible to overflow. 

I • ! Reclamation Beard it. attached to the Department cf finance for 
Lsory purpc s< " only. 


Section one of the California Uater Conservation District Act, passed 
in 1923, created a board to be known as the State Irrigation Poard, consist- 
ing of the State Engineer as chairman and two executive directors cf the 
T 'ater Storage District Act. The board functions as such only in the organ- 
ization of districts under the California " ater Conservation District Act, 
but the executive directors may be called upon by the State Engineer to 
perform ether duties under the 'ater Storage District Act. 
(California Blue Book, 1946) 


After consideration of the many studies made by state and federal 
agencies, legislative committees, and the special commissions, the Legisla- 
ture passed the Central Valley Project Act in 1933. This act created the 
I.'ater Project Authority of the State cf California, consisting of the Attor- 
ney General, State Controller, State Treasurer, Director cf Finance, and 
Director of Public v orks. In the event that any cf these offices were abol- 
ished at cc :.2 future time, prevision was made for the appointment of addi- 
tional members. The Director of Public T 'orks was to be the chairman cf the 
hority, t] . .e Engineer its executive officer. Members were to serve 
without cc ticn other than necessary expenses incurred in travel on 
f fici al bus ino s s . 

The rater verity was civ with the responsibility of 

itructing t . it ■ ."■ telL Proj ct. H " ■ in 1735, by icutive 
r cf the Fr sident, the C 1 Valley Tj rcject ut ord : ' : ; 
: I as a federal reels ticn enterprise. The ■ is being constructed, 
therefore, by the pureau of Reclamation of the United States D< lit of 
icr. The tec rk of tl 
cf " ater Resources of tl < Porks. 


The story cf the Colorado River has been written many times. For years 
the wide interest in its control and development was expressed in surveys, 
reports, and investigations cf various governmental agencies and private 
individuals. The Legislature established the Colorado River Commission cf 
California in 1927 and, in 1937, the Colorado River Board. This act of 
1937 provided that a list of not less than two persons was to be submitted 
to the Governor by each cf the following: the legislative body cf the city 
cf San Diego and the governing bodies cf the Palo Verde Irrigation District, 
the Imperial Irrigation District, the Ccachella Valley County V.ater District, 
the Metropolitan "ater District of Southern California, and the Los Angeles 
Department of 'ater and Power. From each such list the Governor was to ap- 
point one member cf the board. The members were to serve without compensa- 
tion other than expenses incurred in the performance of official duties. 

Annually the board was to elect one cf its members chairman. He was 
to be ex officio the Ccloradc River Commissioner. The board appoints an 
executive secretary frcm a list of not less than two persons submitted to 
it by the Commissioner. The board was authorized to exercise en behalf of 
the State of California all the rights and duties conferred by the United 
>ta1 s Law known sz the Boulder Canyon Project Act. The beard was also to 

furt! er i • " bions concerning the uses of and claims to the waters 
I iver. 

In 1941 sectior 8 of tl j Act of 1937, which for ref 
July ' . Ll } of cri'i: iributed to 1 iver f and for 

■ -v.ri (ch. 139, P. 11S3). "' 


The fan Luis P.ey T 'ater Authority ".-as created in 1939. It was to ccn- 
[ t of seven rr.err;! ^rz appointed by the Governor for staggered terms r± four 

>•_-. Cn ". .bcr was to represent each of the following districts cr in- 

- ■■ sts: The city c£ Oceanside, the Vista Irri ation District, the Fall- 
hr •' Public Utilit; [strict, the Carlsbad tfutua] '-'ater Ccropfny, and the 
rd nf Duperviscrs of ' : '_e Dieeo County. Che other two rerb.ers ■• r erc to be 
.:■: of land riparian tc the San Luis " River, to represent the ripar- 
ian landowners. The expenses cf nierbers and three o£ ths nplcyees of the 
■ i1 -rity were be be ; Ld £ •■ ■ enatiens. The function rf th - :crity w s 
to sun the ' Lais ." liver watershed ai •' tc '-'.■■ ; r use, con- 

flicting claims, conservati* t, etc. 

" n ■ rrm r * 

prccl .:. rf rns .-■- ' . r :"_; til ; , and utilizing C ;lifo • La's 
' ' "v " :urces tc he best '• ttag has , -.~<-.-<. legislated ^ for rany years, 
Lsic en ; he various ;1 s of t u c proh] ;nv shif i : 'i c : - ' ■ ■ time, 

r : n< :aticn of ny difforeni state • ' ' tirr with re- 

1 irt , ts. I •■ I : r . j Utur ted b] t J r '■: 

: , :hc - ' '';•.. [ < flood cont re] nd . 'al water . 

1 ' " ?h -'-..;-.' - r - ,, tc consist of 3 r in- 

"cinted u " t'v r .-"~ rn< ■ r£ four re r: . Ctif rf ' "~ br - 

secretary •.. : ■ . '. ■ r tc bc:-.rc ithcut " Lticn 3 zc: .. : i n 

hi . ' -' i ceeeiv« liar r 1 the 

':■- Lcri tt tc d dollar ens f.i 

Iditicn, eac r was to ' reimbursed for hi ry 

r=« j , : - - •;.- .. the fc-ciiiti availab] "or en . <~f 

' . "• ' : ; - to the ' ater 

7 , Jul- 19, 1745 J ii ' ct 


districts rjcmi PISS n A KMISSICN 

' ; Lil'crnis Districts Securities Commission was created in 1931. 
11 " ■ '-■■' consist cf the Attorney Gener 1, State Engineer, Superintendent 
<■:'■>■'' ] ' "' . ; d by the Governor for a term cT 

"• . " ch of '-.' 3 ippcinted - - fcers was required to h=ve had at 
A p -' - years actual e Lsnce 3ff; > r. r California irriga- 

ticr district as "n officer or "mplcyce . ill rrenbers were *r receive ac- 
tual lses incurr ; on official business, and the apoointed members 
Itrere tc receive in addition '10 for each d y snt in the discharge of 
'ici I duties . 

ccrmi L ; it] ■"".;■ cti i supervision cf the 

fiscnl ind physic 1 affairs of irrigation and other agricultural districts 
crganised under th< lav;s rf the state. The California Districts Securities 
■ z' ■■■■■ a = ccnl Lnuaticn cf the earlier Be] i Certification ^ct. The new ccm- 
sion succe '. - ties r f ; s Califor 1 t " end Certifi- 

L sicn. 


The CrurXy ~ aten.'orkn Districts Securities Ccrrissicn v-a established 
in 1?A3 -cr the purcese cf reoorting on the financial condition cf the 
• c>ecial local waterworks districts. The cc_T_rrdssion :mz tc consist of the 
Attorney General, the Director rf Public "crks, and the Superintendent cf 

Cne of the i fibers "." ~ to ~ct ?s chairman cf the ccirzmissicn (Stats. 
1943, ch. 36?, p. 1777. Approved Fay 13, 1943; in effect kug. 4, 1943). 

"The sections rf the California T *ater Cede providing for the establish- 
ment cf the Countj 7 'Saterwcrks Districts Securities Corrmissicn were repealed 
In lv45 (ch. 321, p. 780. Approved Kay 11, 1945; in effect Sept. 15, 1945). 


California's system for the control of water pollution has been appre- 
ciably changed by new measures enacted by the 1949 Legislature. An addition 
tc the State V'ater Code has brought water pollution under the control cf a 
Itate T 'ater Pollution Control Board and nine regional water pollution control 

1949 The State Kater Pollution Control Board is a new agency which consists 
cf the State Director of Public Health, the State Engineer, the State 
Director cf Natural Resources, the State Director of Agriculture, and 
nine other members appointed by the Governor. Of the nine, at least 
one is to be selected from qualified persons engaged in each of the 
follc.dng fields: 

(a) Production and supply cf domestic water; 

(b) Irri -.-riculture; 

(c) Industrial water use; 
('.!) Production of industrial waste; 

(e) Public : disposal; 

(f) City government; 

(g) County government. 

An engineer is appointed by the board to serve, at its pleasure, as 

executive officer. 

The functions and duties of the beard include: 

1. Formulation cf a state-wide policy for control of water pollu- 
tion with due regard fcr, the authority of regional boards. 

2. A vration of \ ) 5-wide ' irograin of financial assis- 
tance fcr water pollution control which may be del I to it by lav. 

3. Administration ci state-wide program of research in the 
technical pi Lution control which .ray be delegated to 

it by lav;. 

4. X; to ecrreel partial! Lng or threatened 

condition U Men in case;. regie] " to 

dc so, 

ch of the nine regional boards his jurisdiction in a ■ -hie area 

- in the law. Each I ists of five persons, to be -- hy 



Beard of State Harbor Cc::i: n dssicners for San Francisco Harbor 

Beard of State Harbor Coran&ssioners fer the Bay of San Diego 

Beard of Harl i '' d rsicners for Hu^cldt Bay 


Fort 'Warden.-; 


The port of S^n Francisco has a long history, dating back to the days 
of Spanish occupation of California. Its development was haphazard and 
under private ownership until 1263, when the first state agency was estab- 
lished to manage it. Since then the whole waterfront has changed greatly, 
commerce has increased enormously, and the Board of State Harbor Coramis- 
sicners for San Francisco Bay has expanded proportionately. The laws gov- 
erning the activities of the board were compiled in 1937 into a Harbors and 
Navigation Code. In 1945 an act passed amending the code sections relating 
to officers and employees of the beard, 

1945 No changes were made in the composition of the beard or in the 
manner appointed. The board is composed of three commissioners 
appointed by and holding office at the pleasure of the Governor. 
One of the members of the board is elected president. The annual 
salary of each member of the board is CI, 200. 

The board was to appoint a port manager and, subject to 
civil service laws, a secretary and administrative assistant, an 
assistant secretary, a chief wharfinger, and any necessary number 
of wharfingers ana collectors. The beard was to supervise the 
operation of facilities and properties of the state, particularly 
the dock sy he State Belt Rail 1 ay. 

The port e rer receives an annual salary of £12,000. He 
is the cer rf the board. The work of the beard is 

,, r - ;.. . ion I inten- 

ance, . t ' ' ] , a n d Port Operate , 

Stat;;. 1945, ch. 410, p. 873. Approved Kay 22 5; in effect 

Sept. 15, 1945. 


The first Eoard of State Harbor Commissioners for the Pay cf San Diego 
was created in 1839. It was patterned more cr less en the Board of State 

rbor Commissioners for San Francisco, but never developed to the same ex- 
tent. It was finally abolished in 1927, but was created a second time in 
1933 . The final legal provisions cencerninr the beard were established by 
the Harbors and Navigation Cede in 1937 « 

1945 In 1945 the Board of State Harbor Commissioners for the Bay cf 
San Diego was abolished for the second time. 

Stats. 1945, ch. 479, p. ?7S. Approved Hay 25, 1945; in effect 
Sept. 15, 1945. 


The Board of Harbor Commissioners fcr Humboldt Bay was to be the con- 
trolling agency fcr the Pert of Eureka. The board was to consist of three 
members appointed by the Governor for terms of fcur years. One of the mem- 
bers was to act as ex officio surveyor c£ the pert and secretary of the 
beard. The salary of the surveyor was to be $1,400 annually, and the sal- 
cry oi the other members was to be $400 annually. 

The board succeeded to the powers and duties of the Department of Pub- 
lic V.orks with respect to the Port of Eureka, Humboldt Eay, and Eureka Har- 

Stats. 1945, ch. 179, p. 653. Approved Kay 2, 1945: in effect Sept. 15, 


Cne of the early concerns of California legislators was with the ap- 
pcintnent and regulation cf licensed pilots for the various harbors along 
the coast. The current legal previsions regulating pilots may be fcund in 
the Harbors and Navigation Cede, passed in 1937. The Governor, with the 
consent of the Senate, may still "appoint pilots for each harbor for which 
there is not a board cf pilot commissioners and for which harbor the ap- 
pointment of pilots is not otherwise provided for by law. Pilots so ap- 
pointed shall hold office at the pleasure of the Governor." 

San Francisco 

Mien the final legal provisions concerning pilots and the board of 
commissioners were incorporated in 1937 into the Harbors and Navigation 
Code, the name of the beard was changed to Board of Pilot Commissioners for 
the Bays of San Francisco, San Pablo, and Suisun. The Lhree members, who 
were to be appointed by the Governor with the advice of the Senate, were to 
be United States citizens and residents of ere cf the following counties: 
San ?, Alameda, Contra Costa, Karin, San Mateo, Santa Clara, or 
Solano. They were to hold office at the pleasure of the Governor for a 
term not to exceed four years. They •■•ere to receive such con ion as 
the i ' - o exceed .C oer 

;tU r,l ex • cu red (Stats. 1947, ch. 1377, pi -926). 


The first act to provide :c r and regulate ; ilets si Kum- 

sed in 1651. In 1S60 a special boar r 'ablished 

3. The pre ent 1 • ■ "• 

.. . ■ r act • 

Filet Commissioners for Humboldt Pay and Bar was to consist of three persons 
tc be appointed by and to hold office at the pleasure of the Governor. 
renters were to be Eureka residents, two of them business men, and the 
ether a shipmaster or nautical man. The board was to appoint pilots for 
Rumboldt Eay, and to administer the law generally. Compensation of members 
was set at *U for each day actually em? eyed in the discharge of their du- 
bies (Stats. 1937, ch. 370, p. 1183). 

San Dier-c 

As early as 1353 provision was rrade for regulating pilots in San Diego 
Pay. The present law, in the Harbors and Navigation Code, was taken from 
an earlier act c: 1911 [ch. 102, p. 267). 

The -card of Pilot Commissioners for the Bay of San Diego was to con- 
sist of two residents of San Diego, one a citizen and the other a nautical 
rn, ajjpeinted by the Governor \ and the Mayor of San Diego serving ex offi- 
cic. Members were tc serve at the pleasure cf the Governor, the torn not 
tc exceed four years. Pilots were to pay five per cent of their fees tc 
the hoard in full compensation for its services and expenses (Stats. 1937, 
In. >68, c 825). 


As in the case cf pilots, prevision was made by the first legislature 
fcr the appointment cf pert wardens fcr the various California harbors. 
These officers were required, at the request of any person interested in 
either vessel or cargc, to make a survey cf any ship arriving in distress 
or which had been damaged at sea. The current legal provisions regulating 
pert wardens are contained in the Harbors and Navigation Cede, 

Beard of port Wardens f^r the Port of San Francisco 

1S53 In this year the law provided fcr four port wardens fcr San 
Frinci'jco, and this prevision is still in force. The members 
of the Ecard cf Pert VJardens fcr the Port cf San Francisco were 
to be appointed by the Governor. Twc cr more of the four were 
to be master mariners. The compensation for each warden fcr each 
survey remained at £15, but the fee was net to exceed 075 for any 
one vessel. 

California Toll Bridge Authority 


The California Toll Bridge Authority was created in 1929. The member- 
ship consisted of the Governor, who was chairman, Lieutenant Governor, ths 
director of Public *brks, Director of Finance, and a person or officer of 
the state appointed by the Governor. The members were to serve without 
jompensation, other than actual traveling expenses incurred in the discharge 
p.f their duties. 

The function of the California Tell Bridge Authority was to work 
jlosely with the Department of Public V'orks in the construction or acquisi- 
icn of toll bridges and other tell highway crossings. The actual building 
>f bridges was to be dene by the department, but the authority was given 
uch powers and duties as determining when and where bridges were necessary, 
uthcrizing bona issues, setting toll rates, and acquiring land by eminent 

Ln. The laws relating to toll ferries, toll road3, and bridges were 
laced in the Streets rind Highways Code in 1947 (ch. 176, p. 702). 


Agricultural Prorate Advisory Commission 
Agricultural Research Study Committee 
California Dairy Industry Advisory Pcard 
California Farm Debt Adjustment Commission 
California Farm Production Council 
Poultry Improvement Ccmoissicn 

be Utilization Cc aission 
State livestock Sanitary Committee 


The Agricultural Prorate Advisory Commission was created in 1939 as an 
Cutgrowth cf an earlier act cf 1933 that -./as the first attempt by this 
state tc control economic conditions in the field cf agriculture. 

The commission was to consist cf eight members appointed by the Gover- 
nor, by and with the consent cf the Senate, for staggered terms of fcur 
years, and the Director of Agriculture as a ninth, ex officio member. Six 
of the appointive members were tc be engaged at the time of their appoint- 
ment in the production of agricultural commodities *s their principal occu- 
pation, but no two of them were to represent the same sommodity. One -r- 
bcintive member was tc represent consumers generally, and he was to be 
neither a producer nor a handler of agricultural commodities \ and cne was 
tc bs an experienced commercial handler cf agricultural products. The com- 
pen- tion of commission members was set at £10 for each day actually spent 
In official business, and traveling expenses. 

1 Agricultural Prorate Advisory Commission was tc form policies and 
tc • ' up ■:-■:■ ; regulations. Cns member was to be cresent rings 

■■■/ - the establishment of '—•■-tion pre . ie com- 

: , - 2 \ i Low the I ' ■ " 

. . ritten findini '' 

.1 ' . 

.a ret. ' ith't-j 

- - I . 

vA to nrc\ Lde such 


The Agricultural Research Study Ccrrmittee was created in 1%6 for the 
purpose cf obtaining information from farmers, farmer associations, commod- 
ity -roups, and ether reliable sources, relative tc the type of research 
- ' information needed to contribute to the continued progress of agricul- 
ture in the state. 

19Ac The committee v:as tc consist of nine members appointed by and serving 
at the pleasure of the Governor. Three of the nine members were to 
represent the public at large; the ether members were tc possess nrac- 
tical knowledge and exoerience in the production, processing, or dis- 
tribution of agricultural, horticultural, viticultural, livestock, and 
dairy cr poultry products. Ex officio members v:ere tc be the Ilrector 
cf Agriculture, the Dean of the College of Agriculture, and one r.ember 
each cf the Senate and Assembly. The legislative members constituted 
an interim committee. Members vere to receive ro compensation, but 
were to be reimbursed for expenses incurred in connection with their 
duties. The committee was to go out of existence at the end of the 
Fifty-seventh Regular Session cf the Legislature (1947). 

■ ; 'b3. 1946, 1st Ex. Sess., ch. 144, p. 136. Approve ch 12, 1946; 
in effect May 21, 1946. 

n a -.t d in 1917 ii i the leg: 

four 2nd continued the ccrii'i ■ of th 

- ■■ ^ n , biens of the coi en 

nditure cf fui ' • ■' *'- Q Univer- 

- cf C - ' 

. . i ':: , ch. us, ?. 641. • ■■ , 1947; in .19, 

• '. 1947, ch. 1 . • • •■• •' y 19, 1947; " ' ct 

. i . , . • - 


The California Dairy Industry Advisory Board was created in 1945 by 
the J;y~islaturc and activated by the producers and handlers of milk in a 

rendum vote. The purpese cf the act was tc stabilize, maintain, ai 
expand ths dairy industry in the state thrcugh research, advertising, edu- 
cation, and public relations. 

Ths board was to consist cf nineteen members appointed by the Director 
cf Agriculture fro? nominations made by the producers, producer-handlers, 
|nd handlers cf milk products for terms cf three years. Eight of the ap- 
pointive nember: vere to be engaged in the production of riik; four of the 
e rht members were tc be interested in pre Lucticn cf manufacturing milk and 
four members vere tc be interested in production of market milk. Eight ap- 
pointive members were to hi lucer-handlers, and the three remaining ap- 
fcintiv ' :it irs '.-ere to be producer-handlers v.hc produced a manor portion 
cf the milk used in t] ducts handled by th ". 

ccr per cf the board members v;as set at $10 for each d^.y ac- 
ually :--.ent on official business, and traveling expenses.-. 

T u c ch i ' m.i vice chairman and three ether members were to 
iel eG t ''■-'.'.•■ - frc Lts . " jrs to serve as the executive ccm- 

". : 

I j to it 1 r of Agriculture. 

Its. i«i5, ch. 1217, -. ' ' : . ~ 10, 1945; in ef fee 

r - 

v.i :cj • • 


A temporary body to be known as the California Farm Debt Adjustment 
Commission was created in 1935 when farmers throughout the country were ex- 
periencing great financial distress. It was to consist of fifteen members 
appointed by and to .serve at the pleasure of the Governor. Members were to 
receive nc compensation, but were Lo be reimbursed for expenses incurred in 
connection with their duties. The committee was to go cut of existence 
Sept. 15, 1937. Its tern was continued by 1937 and 1939 legislation. 
1941 The existence of the commission was extended in 1941 until the 95th 
day after the final adjournment of the Fifty-fifth Regular Session of 
the Legislature. It was the duty ci the commission ,! to assist in the 
voluntary adjustment of Farm obligations and to that end tc appoint, 
by and with the consent of the Governor, local farm debt adjustment 
committees in each county of the State in which there is a sufficient 
agricultural population to justify such appointment, and tc provide an 
ncv and me ns through which farmer debtors and their creditors may 
enter into voluntary agreements satisfactorily to adjust their obliga- 
tions . " 

.!?/;!, ch. "V, p. 1969. -. J" ne -'■> 194X5 ir "eci im- 

«. X ■ - - - - t 

changed in 1' 

'. . .' . 
' -. ~ ' , ch. 1< 18, . -295^. Approved ; 

... . • . . . - • J . 


"An act tc provide means of achieving and making available the maximum 
production cf food ; :rJ fiber from existinc farm labor and facilities and to 
j»£ ' ch l£fccr - nd facilities*.." passed in 1?43» A Far™ Production 
Council was en ;ed tc =d :nister the act. By this act California became 
: ' ' "•■"" state tc inil ' e a bread program, independently of the 

;: 1 C^V', tc enabl . ■ r achievi t! ;'r w rtin ion 
Ls through assistance in solving their production problems. 
1943 '-'<" '- California ^r Production Council was to consist of seven members, 
appointed by the Govs icnsent cf the Senate, tc serve at 

■ are cZ lb Gov srnor. One of ti rs was to be a person 
cf practical kn< and experience in the pr or of citr 
fruits j one in f raits ether than citrus; one in dairy products] one in 
livestock; c . 'ield crops; one in truck crops; and one in cotton. 

-.'•j were :.• rec .'a aticn, but a:; to be reirabur ed for 

thsir travelir incurred in t ce cf tl sir duties, 

a Ths direc or cf t! : tc be appointed by and serv .t the 
.-, ;ure r n the q c , 1th < salary net t< - L0,000. Thi 

until one - ' il- 

., ch. 1. Apprcvec " r. 2?, 1943; Ii r r 

•■•-. «- / j - / ■ . j • 

.-••-".:.. l-c: . Drpart FJ • 

he control £.11 ' ' 

ct ... : ;-■. , .... -.;.... : ; > 

Coot. 19, 1 ' : '• 

i :ultry ir:-r.v~fT ccn-n ion 

The 1939 act ere the Poultry Improvement Ccr^nission (ch. 950, 
p. 2665; approved July 22, 1939, in effect Sept. 19, 1939) was repealed by 
an act cf 1947 which i Ide I Article- 3 to Chapter 1 of Division 1 of the 
Agricultural Cede providing for Poultry Improvement Commission (ch. 173* 
p. 699j approved "■;• '\ ] '?. Lr " ct Sept. 19, 1947). The commission 
was tc consist of sev . ' ber ppointec by the Governor, chosen to repre- 
sent th -" -: major poultry' dis' cts in the state, 'nd three ex officio 
: .. ' =rs: the chj . and Veterinary Divisions cf the Univer- 

sity cf California, an< tate Director c.: Agriculture. The appointed 
tiembe r s -are to servo for st erms of four pears. Thej were to re- 
ceive no comper bursed for traveling and other e.x- 
v? Incurred in L '' 'fc ce cf xh^ir official duties. The poultry 

ct fund in the SI p was :ci in existence. The 

liosion v;.-js tr core! illy a poultry aestir ject at Kodesto or 
similarly situated place. 


p ■ . tcr of . -ri- 

,-.',• :' : ' ' tcr of T! ' " ■ rces, he 

,,_■-, ex ( - in 1939 

r v -■ i • Jj • • 

-.artr.cnt -. ' : ; : ] : '" J 

that ' tc v ! 


"For the purpose cf protecting the agricultural industry cf this State 
and to coordinate livestock sanitary activities within this State and among 
the several states having common or similar problems in the field cf live- 
stock disease prevention quarantine, eradication rr control..." the Live- 
stock Sanitary Committee was created in 1947. 

The committee was to ho composed cf three members appointed by the 
Governor for 2 term cf two years. Cne member was to be recommended by the 
Director of Agriculture to represent the official livestock sanitary ser- 
vices of the state. The other members were to be representatives cf the 
livestock industry cf the state. The;- were to receive '112,50 per diem in 
addition to traveling an incidental expenses incurred in the performance 
cf their duties. The committee was to go out of existence on the 91st day 
after fin iournr nt cf the 1949 Regular Session of the Legislature. 

(St; . 1947, ch. 289, p. 20:7. Aoproved June 20, 1947; in effect Sept. 19, 

By amendment of Section 205.5 of the Agricultural Code, the life of 
the committee was extended to the 91st day after final adjournment of the 
1951 Regular Session of the Legislature. 
Stats. 1949, ch. 984, p. 1784. Approved July 1949; in effect Oct. 1, 1949. 

Public Utilities Commission 


California began to regulate railroads as early as 1376. It wasn't 
until 1911, however, that real control of railroads and public utilities 
war, started when the constitution was amended and the Public Utilities Act 
was passed. After that date the Railroad Commission assumed a position of 
vit"l importance in the state government. By another amendment to the con- 
stitution en November 5, 1946, the Railroad Commission was continued in 
existence as the Public Utilities Commission. The organization of the com- 
mission is iiscucscu' below. 

1946 Amendment of section 22 of article XII of the California consti- 
tution charred the name cf tfee Railroad Commission to the Public 
Utilities Commission. The membership of the commission continued 
to be five members appointed by the Governor from the state at 
large. The legislature was authorized, at its discretion, to 
divide the state into districts for purposes of appointment. The 
commissioners were to serve for staggered terms of six years. 
Salaries -.vera to be fixed by the Legislature. The annual salary 
cf each commissioner was set at 612,000 in 194? (ch. H42, p. 3C09). 

The trative merit w< d stime i S. The 

1 rtnrenl ■ lev " tion cf the Secretary c± the Commission is com- 

i of units hand : iications and cases, records of offi- 

E . tctions, ■ 3 accounting, filing , perscn- 

■ other I 5. The r.t 
..-t:i cf the general staff created in 1914 under the 
•ic bment. 

/ • 

Public Utilities Division 

The Public Utilities Division was formerly called a department. The 
change was mode sometime in 1947 or 1948. At present there are six subsec- 
tions in this division that were formerly called divisions. 

1. Valuation Section 

The Valuation Section has been in operation since 1926. The sec- 
tion is responsible for detailed analysis in matters connected with 
rates, finance, land values, sales, transfers, and condemnation of 
utility properties. 

2. Research Section 

The Research Section was organized in 1937 for the purpose of 
maintaining statistics of operating results of the various utilities, 
and prepares annually reports summarising the results of operation of 
the gas, electric, telephone, and water utilities. 

3. Electric Section 

The work of the Electric Section is primarily concerned with the 
technical and engineering details of regulating the operation of the 
23 privately owned and operated public utilities rendering electric 
service within the state of California. The Electric Section previous 
tc 1944 was combined with the Gas and Electric Division. 
' . Gas Section 

The Gas . ' •:. ■ - : -r to 1944, was part cf \ " _ 1c 
i sion, ■ ■ recr 3. Thi3 sec- 

tion investi -• ■ • 

5. Hydr tulic S 

The Hydraulic Section is res ble for i 3ted with 

• utili . ■ 

6. Telephone and Telegraph Section 

The Telephone and Telegraph Section prepares studies dealing with 
operation, rates, service problems, and facility development in tele- 
phone and telegraph utilities. 

Fiv-nce -ni Account? Division 

Sometime in 1947 or 1948 the Department of Finance and Accounts became 
Fin nee and Accounts Division, it has charge of all accounting records 
•-•< i gives technical advice to the commission in matters relating to the is- 
suance by utility companies cf stocks, bonds, and securities. 

Fransoorl ation .'. Lvi si en 

Transportation Division is primarily concerned with the rates, ser- 
vice, and safety of operation cf for-hire carriers of persons and property 
by rail, highway, and water. A considerable portion cf time is devoted to 
cost, service, revenue, and rate studies. It has at present seven subsec- 
ti< n: • 

1. Rate Section 

As the name suggests, the Rate Section is concerned with rates, 

rules, and regulatioi 3 of for-hire carriers cf persons and property. 

2. Truci 'Otic:: 

• - i •) Lon is concerned ilating the 

transportation of f r I ;ers by truck and bus. 

3. T 'e. 

,. : Ln ] !f7. 71 :tion is 

responsible for li< - -' the ' ld City 

; . rs' .'.cts. 

4. Field Section 

The Fiell Section is charged with the task of enforcing the sta- 
tutes administered by the commission. The state is divided into two 
areas, the Northern Area (territory lying north of San Luis Obispo and 
Kern Counties) and the Southern Area. The section is supervised by a 
Chief Transportation Representative. Within the two areas are districts, 
and a D'strict Transportation Representative is in charge of each dis- 
trict. The Field Section was formerly the Division of Investigation. 

5. Engineering Section 

Service and Permit Division 

1943 The Service and Permit Division was created in 1943 for the 
purpose of investigating matters relating to steam and elec- 
tric railroads, street railways, passenger stage operations, 
grade crossings, cost of transportation, and ether matters 
involving transportation companies of all classes. The En- 
gineering Division was absorbed by the Service and Permit 
gineering Division 

1946 Sometime in 1946 rvice and Permit Division was renamed 
the leering Division. 


"!_-. : . ■_, )i vision was made a section in the organiza- 
tional scale. 

6. Research 

m , arcn Section of the Tram- Lon Division investigates 

bters involving , '- twee and £ervice of "' r r ' dl 

motor i Lines. 

7. Operations and Safety Section 

Before 1%6 the Operations and Safety Section was called the 
Safety Division. The section investigates the enforcement of safety 
measures and conducts transocrtaticn safety education. 

legal Division 

The Legal Division has been in operation since 1912. Its functions 
include litigation and intervention before the courts and regulatory author- 
ities, end advising the commission, members of the staff, and the public en 
legal questions relating to the commission's '.vork. 

California Horse Racing Board 


Ar. attempt to regulate and license horse racing and betting in Califor- 
nia was made in 1926. An initiative measure en the subject was rejected by 
the voters on November 2, 1926. Nothing mere was done until 1933, '-hen an 
act was passed establishing the California Horse 7:acing Beard. 

The 1933 lav; provided that the California Horse Racing Board should 
consist of three members ; ppointed by the Governor for staggered terns of 
four years. Kembers were to serve without compensation other than necessary 
traveling expenses, A secretary, appointed by the board, was to receive a 
salary of f#,000 per annum. The function of the board was to regulate, 
license, ^nd supervise horse racing and wagering on horse races. Cnly the 
pari mutuel method of wagering was to be used, and the beard was to collect 
a certain percentage of the peels. Participants and officials were to be 
lice as «;d. 


State Bar of California 
Board of Osteopathic Examiners 


The function of examining and passing upon the qualifications of those 
who wished to practice lav/ in California was early assigned to the supreme 
court. It was not until 1919 that a special state beard was created tc 
perform this duty. Finally, in 1927, the responsibilities of the State 
Board of Ear Examiners were turned ever to a special committee of the State 
Bar cf California. 

The State Ear cf California, created in 1927 as a. public corporation, 
was tc consist of fifteen members elected from specific State Par Districts 
for :.t. angered terms of three years. Its administrative body was to be the 
Board cf Governors of the State Ear. 

The Board of Governors was to create local adrinistrative committees 
and delegate to them such of its powers and duties as deemed advisable. 
The board was to establish a special examining ccnrrlttee with power to fix 
;.:'.a ^rter^iine the qualifications for admission to practice law in this 
state, to examine all applicants, and to recommend tc the supreme court for 
admission to practice law those who fulfill the requirements. 

The current legal previsions affecting the State ' r may be found in 
the :; :.-i;:jss and Professions Cede. Chapter ?,k cf the Statutes of 39 made 

■r in this cc 


The regulation of osteopathy as a specific brrnch c£ medicine was 
started in 1901 with the creation cf a special State Board of Osteopathic 
Examiners. ITien the I'edical Practice Act of 1907 was passed, osteopathy 
and all other branches cf medicine were placed under the control cf a com- 
posite examining board. After 1913, until the initiative measure of 1922 

j ssed, the practice of osteopathy received no special recognition, but 
wus supervised in the sane manner as all rredical practice by the Board cf 
Medical Examiners. 

By the Osteopathic Act of 1922, the Board of Osteopathic Examiners of 
the state of California was created. It was to consist of five members ap- 
pointed by the Governor for terms cf three years. All nembers were to be 
graduates cf osteopathic schools who held unrevoked licenses to practice in 
California. They were to receive no compensation except traveling expenses 
- tlO for each day of actual service in the discharge of official duties. 


University of California 

Board of Regents 
Hastings College of the Lav/ 

Board of Directors 


The majority cf California state institutions come under the jurisdic- 
tion of one or another cf the large government departments. They have been 
.described, therefore, in the first volume of this study. The University of 
California, however, has a unique position in the state government. 

The organic act establishing the University of California was passed 
in 1863. In the first sixty years the institution exhibited such amazing 
vitality in its development that it came to serve more fulltime resident 
students than any ether college or university in the United States. By 1933 
the Perkeley campus • lone led all colleges and universities in the country. 
The university has in all, however, eight campuses. Besides the largest and 
most widely known elements of the institution, namely, those on the Berkeley 
campus and on the Los Angeles campus, other units hold strategic positions. 

recently acquired Santa Barbara campus has the same type cf academic 
training as that found on the Berkeley and Los Angeles campuses. The College 
of Agriculture offers supplementary instruction at Davis, where the Univer- 
sity Farm is located, and at Riverside, site of the Citrus Experiment Sta- 
tion, The Medical Center, with the Toland Medical School, the George Wil- 

3 i: oc-.2? Foundation (fcr medical research), a hospital and clinics, and, 
• lrtj th lf 3 of] :, Ls in San Francisco. 

In that city re the Hastings College of tl , the College of Den- 
tistry, the College of Fha i , and the California School of Fine Arts. 
Adv . research is c - the Lick Astr. °ry en 

. nton i PS Institute of Oc by at La Jolla. The 

• .. Kellogg Institute of 7 is no ] r a part 

niversity, the title to I r -° the 

. t ti s km . i '?<• 

The California constitution, as amended in 1918, placed the control and 
administration of this institution in the hands of the Board of Regents of 
the University of California. This corporation was given full powers of or- 
ganization, subject only to such legislative control as might be necessary 
to insure compliance with the terms of the endowments of the university and 
the security of its funds. The beard was to consist of sixteen members ap- 
pointed by the Governor and eight, ex officio members as follows: the Gover- 
nor, lieutenant Governor, speaker of the Assembly, Superintendent of Public 
Instruction, president of the State Board of Agriculture, president of the 
Mechanics Institute of San Francisco, president of the alumni association 
of the university, and the president of the university. The appointive mem- 
bers were to serve for staggered terms of sixteen years. (California Con- 
stitution, art. IX, sec. 9) 

The Hastings College of the Law, established by a special act of the 
1879 Legislature, has as its officers a dean, a registrar, and eight direc- 
tors. The Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of the state is ore3ident of 
the I?oard of Directors. (Education Cede, div. 10, ch. 1, art. 6, p. 543) 


State Emergency Council 
California State Ccuncil of Defense 

California State War Ccuncil 
California State Disaster Council 
(See Governor's Office) 


Various attempts have been made, particularly by municipalities, tc 
draw up pr . s plans in order to have a working-organization in 
readiness whenever disaster right strike. In 1929 the State of California 
took a similar step in creating the State Emergency Council. In 1945 the 
laws pertaining to the council were codified in the Government Code (ch. 
11?, ?. 503). 

The State Emergency Council was to consist cf the heads cf the Depart- 
ments of Finance, Public Works, !-3Llitary and Veterans' Affairs, and Public 

Ithj a * mber representing the American Legion; cne representing the 
American Red Cress; a member representing the transportation interests of 

ifcrnia; cne from the business organizations cf the state; and cne peace 
officer. The members were tc be appointed by the Governor for a term of 
.rs, and ./ere to serve without pay other than expenses incurred in 
the rei'fcrwance cf official business. 

Tbe purpose cf th : council was tc prepare nd to consider ways 
tr,-I means for lealing with possible future emergencies in the state. The 
rncr was required to declare, in bimes cf I "rs as fj •€ , 
:. 2s, etc., that an 6 I. Under certain cci 

tirr.s v -e '.-vs tc officers cr d . • tc take : cf nece ■ 

. ■ ■ p Wfr .r, ~<- - ■ rency Council rate in si 



This agency was crested in 1941, when the Second " T orld "ar was just 
beginning. Its function was "to plan for the mobilization of agricultural, 
industrial, ccranunication and transportation facilities, for the protection 
of individual rights and consumer Interests and for the suppression of 
fcabcta^e and subversivi activities...*" 

1911 A temporary boiy to 7 ! icwn :".3 the California Stats Council of 
Defense was created in 1941. It was to consist of the Governor, 
the Attorney General, the Adjutant General, the State Superinten- 
dent of Public Instruction, the Director cf Public Health, and 
twenty members appointed by and to serve at the pleasure of the 
Governor, subject to S confirmation. Members were to re- 
ceive no compensation, but were to be reimbursed for their actual 
and necessary expenses incurred in the performance of their du- 
ties. Tl :utive Committee cf the council was to appoint the 
-hers of the council to the six standing committees: Agricul- 
tural Resources .and Production; Civil Protection! Health, Welfare, 
1 Consumer Interest; Transportation, Housing, '.erks and Facili- 
ties; •" and Skills; curces and 
Prcductic . council ' 3 be it of existence £ ' ber 1, 

+3 • 

5 ta tg. - l, . 561, p. • rune 3, 1941; In effect 

Sept. 13 » 1941 • 

, ■ ■. I ■ ; ' . md 

pc , - . newly creal 3d ' LI. 

Sta1 . 1 , ch. 294, p. 1277. A- April 29, 1943; in 

effect ii ly. 


The state, long recognizing its responsibility to provide for prepared- 
ness against disaster, created the State T .'ar Council to replace the abolished 
California State Council of Defense in 1943 j in order to increase the emer- 
gency war powers of the Governor. 

1943 The State ••"ar Council, a temporary war agency, was to consist of 
the Governor; the Lieutenant Governor; the State Director rf 
Civilian Defense; the State Director of Civilian War Services; 
the Attorney General; four members of the legislature; and two 
representatives of city governments and two representatives of 
county governments, who were to be appointed by and serve at the 
pleasure of the Governor. 

The members, except those specifically provided for in the 
lav;, were not to receive a salary, but were to be reimbursed for 
their actual and necessary expenses. The Governor was to be ex 
officio chairman, and the State Director of Civilian Defense was 
to be ex officio vice chairman, of the T 'ar Council. 

The Governor was authorized to create advisory crmittees to 
ssist in specific fields of civilian defense activities, and 
wit! ' ' office the positions of State Director of Civilian De- 
fence. Civilian " Lon, and Civilian T ar Services were created. 

. 1' . , , . , eh. 1, p. 3377. Approved Jan. 30, 


I in 1944. """ ■ ' " rship was to 

consd /era ;• the Lieutenant G< rernor; tl Lrectcr of 

the California State ' mcilj the Attcrr al; four mem- 

>s of ' Lature: and two reor : stives of .'' vcrn- 

merits and tv;o representatives of county governments. The Governor 

was to be e:c officio chairman, and the lieutenant Governor was to 

be ex officio vice chairman, of the T .'ar Council. 

The office of Director of the California State r ar Council 

was to be created in the Governor's office — the successor of the 

State Director of Civilian Defense, the State Director of Civilian 

Protection, r .r.d the State Director of Civilian V'ar Services. The 

director was to be appointed by and serve at the pleasure of the 


Stats. 1944* ch. 55 j a. 214. Aporcved June 21, 1944j in effect 
Sept. 12, 1944. 

1945 The duties and powers of the State tfar Council and the State 

Council of Defence v:ere transferred to the California State Dis- 
aster Council, located in the Governor's office (see page 3 ; . 
Stats. 1945, ch. 1024, p. 1973. Approved June 25, 1945; in effect 


Legislative C cans el 

California Cc ie Commission 

Commission en Uniform State Laws 

Codification Beard 

California Commission en Interstate Cccperaticn 


The Cffice of Legislative Counsel (created in 1913 as the Legislative 
Counsel Bureau) is under the direction cf a chief who is the Legislative 
Counsel of California. Strictly speaking, a discussion cf the legislative 
Counsel should not be included in this outline, inasmuch as this agency is 
attached to the legislative, rather than the administrative, branch of the 
state government. In order to enhance the reference value cf this work, 
hevrever, all agencies cf the state have been included, outside cf the Legis- 
lature Itself and the California courts. 

Moreover, althcu •;! the principal duty of the Legislative Counsel is to 
assist members' of the Legislature in drafting bills, resolutions, and con- 
stitution:!! amendments, end to serve legislative committees both during and 
between sessions, he is also subject to other state officers of the execu- 
tive cr judicial branches of the government who might contract with him for 
technical assistance in preparation cf departmental rules and regulations. 

c quired to prepare certain publications, such as legislative digests, 
tutcry indexes, and the cedes as published by the Documents Division of 
the Stats Bureau cf Printing. u e edits the Ballot Pamphlet, a publica- 
tion is led 'cy the 3 :i - i_ry of State prior to each general election and 

s text of :': v propose : Lti Lien L amend ent and initiative 
ire to be •■• V h ;rv d on various governmental cc:r:issicns 
bo time. A1 . t! ■ : ;i ilative C 1 is ex officio secre- 
■ f the Cede ton and fficic :. ner "■ Life '. Dommis- 
i ifcrra State I iws. 

j tive Counsel to be - cted by concurrent" resolution at 
Lno cf - LI his s ucc scr is 

selected and qualified. If the office fell vacant while the Legislature 
was not in session, selection was to be made by a crirmittee consisting cf 
the speaker cf the Assembly, the speaker ore tempore cf the Assembly, the 
pr .ident pre tenpere of the Senate, and the chairman of the finance corn- 

btee cf the Senate. The annual salary of the Legislative Counsel is 
£15,000 (amended by Stats. 1945, ch. 1155, and by Stats. 1947, ch. 1442). 

i i 


The present California Code Commission was established in 1929 for the 
purpose of codifying all the general and permanent laws of the state. It 
vas to consist o£ nine members appointed by and serving at the pleasure of 
the Governor. The Legislative Counsel was to serve as ex officio secretary 
of the commission. Members were to serve without compensation, but were 
allowed expenses incurred in traveling and in the actual discharge of their 

The commission set up twenty-four classifications of state law: Agri- 
cultural Code; Banking, Building and Loan, and Investment Cede; Business 
and Professions Code; Civil Code; Code of Civil Procedure j Corporations 
Cods; Education Cede; Elections Code; Fish and Game Cede; Government Code; 
Harbors and Navigation Code; Health and Safety Code; Insurance Code; Labor 
Cede; riiitary and Veterans Code; Penal Code; Probate Code; Public Resources 
Code; Public Utilities Code; Revenue and Taxation Code; Streets and Highways 
Code; Vehicle Co ; " iter Code; and Welfare and Institutions Code. The 
Civil, Civil Procedure, and Penal Codes, enacted in 1572, are to be revised 
by the co.tuTdssion. Nineteen new cedes or portions of codes prepared by the 
commission have been enacted by the legislature upon the coTrdssion's recom- 
Lon. A ■- d by others" was passed in 1949 (eh. 755, 

p. 13?6) and will form a part of the commission's Banking, Building and 
Loan, and Investment Code. Work en the Public Utilities Cede has not yet 
begun. Consideration is being given to the preparation of a proposed Avia- 
tion Code. (California Code Commission Report, 1947-1948, p. H, 16.) 


The National Conference of Commissioners on Uniform State Laws was or- 
ganized in 1892. Ever since then there have been yearly meetings cf repre- 
sentatives from a majority cf the states. The purpose has been tc draft 
laws on subjects where uniformity seems desirable and practicable. These 
uniform laws may then be adopted by the legislatures in the different states, 

California created a commission to cooperate in this movement as early 
as 1S97. It was abolished in 1901, however, and another commission was not 
established until 1927. The membership of this commission was increased in 

1941 The Commission on Uniform State Laws was tc consist of three com- 
missioners, each of whom was to be a member of the bar cf this 
state in good standing, appointed by the Governor for terms of 
four years. The Legislative Counsel was to be an ex officio non- 
voting member of the commission. No compensation was allowed 
c ommi s s i one r s . 

Stats. 1941, ch. 60S, p. 2056. Approved June 6, 1941; in effect 
Sept. 13, 1941. 

1949 A member cf the commission shall 'be an ex officio nonvoting mem- 
ber cf the Cc Lon on Interstate Cooperation, upon appointment 
by the Governor (Stats. 1949, ch. 975). 


The Codification Board was created in 1941 for the purpose of unifying 

and publishing all rules and regulations cf every state agency that were 

filed with the Secretary of State. 

1941 The board was composed of the Secretary cf State, the Director of 

Finance, and the Legislative Counsel, or their nominees. The 

board was to be responsible for the publication of the California 

Adrdnist native " •- ^j ster and the California Administrative Cede . 

Stats. 1941, ch. 628, p. 2087. Approved June 9, 1941; in effect 
Sept. 13, 1941. 

1947 The Codification Beard was abolished. Its duties were transferred 
to the Division of Administrative Procedure, Department cf Pro- 
fessional and Vocational Standards. 

Stats. 1947, ch. 1175, p. 2655. Approved July 7, 1947; in effect 
Sept. 19, 1947. 

1 1 


The Council of State Governments was organized in 1935, as an outgrowth 
of the American Legislators' Association. By I-.'arch 1939 thirty-eight states 
had joined the council, through appointment of special commissions on inter- 
state ccooeration. California took the necessary step in 193$ by passing a 
Senate Concurrent Resolution. In .1'. .. . act, instead of a resolution, was 
passed in crder to give the commission continuity of existence beyond the 
current legislative tern. 

The commission, as presently constituted, consists of fifteen members — 
five Senators of a regular Senate Standing Committee on Interstate Coopera- 
tion, five Assembly].". en cf 3 regular Assembly Standing Committee en Inter- 
state Cooperation, and five heads of .iiu.Lnistr;:.;ive departments of state 
government appointed by the Governor, with the Governor as ex officio and 
honorary nonvoting member of the commission. 

,r The commission may establish such committees and advisory boards as 
it deems advisable to conduct conferences and to formulate proposals con- 
cerning subjects of intergovernmental cooperation...." 

The members of the ccmmi^r.ien ana the members cf all committees which 
it establishes vere to serte without compensation, but they were to be paid 
for their necessary traveling c;r^n:ms. 

19/+9 A member of the California Commission on Uniform State Laws shall 
be anpclnted \ ? i-s an ex officio nonvoting member of 

the Commission c:i Intersta ,e Coc-eration. 
Ststs. 19-^9, ch. 975. 


Judicial Council 

Commission on Qualifications (judicial) 


As in the case of the Legislative Counsel, the Judicial Council per- 
haps should not be included in a study of this type. It is strictly a part 
of the judicial rather than the adnanistrative branch of government. 

From one point of view, however, the Judicial Council has certain ad- 
ministrative duties, as it surveys the condition of business in the severa] 
courts for the purpose of simplifying and improving the administration of 
justice, and submits such suggestions to the courts as nay seem in the in- 
terest of uniformity and expedition of business. The chairman of the Judi- 
cial Council may appoint committees composed of justices or judges of the 
courts to advise him in this duty (Stats. 1945* ch. 1254* p. 23^9. Approved 
July 10, 1945 J in effect Sept. 15, 1945). The Council marshals judicial 
manpower to meet as far as possible the needs of all courts, particularly 
trial courts when illness or unavoidable absence cr disqualification of a 
judge occurs, cr calendars become congested; adopts and amends rules of 

3tice and procedure for the courts; and makes such recommendations to 
the Governor and the Legislature as it deems proper. 

The Judicial Council was created by an amendment adding- section la to 
article VI of the constitution, adopted by a vote of the people en Novem- 
ber 2, 1926. It consists of the chief justice cr acting chief justice, and 
of one associate justice oi the supreme court, three justices of district 
courts cf L, four 31 : js of superior is, one judge cf a police or 
. . . Ige of an inferior court, selected by the chief 

justice. The term'cf office is two years, but appointment terminates at in the event of a r ceasing tc be t f the court from which 
assigned. 1 f the Ji ! C : receive no cempensa- 

for their s ;s as such, but are allowed necessary expena 1 for 
travel, board, and lodging incurred in the performance of official duties. 


An initiative measure, adopted by the reople en November 6, 1934, 
added section 26 to article VI of the constitution. This section changed 
the method of succession and selection to vacancies in office of appellate 
and supreme court justices in California. As a new element, a Commission 
en Qualifications was created by the amendment. The function of the com- 
mission was to confirm, by a majority vote, the appointments of the Gover- 
nor or his nominations to fill judicial offices in the courts above indica- 

The Commission on Qualifications consists of (1) the chief justice or 
acting chief justice of the supreme court; (2) the senior presiding justice 
of the district court of appeal of the district in which a justice of a 
district court of aopeal is to serve, or, in the case of the nomination or 
appointment cf a justice of the supreme court, the presiding justice who 
has served longest as such upon any of the district courts cf appeal; and 
(3) the Attorney General. 

This method may become applicable to the superior court within a 
county upon adoption by its electors. 

/.nether duty of the Commission on Qualifications is concerned with the 
retirement for it Usability of a judge under section 3 of the 
.' - 33' Retirement I 

California Aeronautics Commissi en 


In 1947 the California Legislature passed the State Aeronautics Act 
"to further and protect the public interest in aeronautics and aeronautical 
progress: by encouraging the development of private flying and the general 
use of air transportation; by festering and promoting safety in aeronautics; 
and by effecting uniformity cf the laws and regulations relating to aeronau- 
tics consistent with federal aeronautics laws and regulations." 

1947 The California Aeronautics Commission was to consist of five 

members appointed by the Governor for terms of four years. All 
members of the coi n ission were tc be citizens cf the state, and 
at least two cf them were to have had three cr more years of 
nractical experience in aeronautics as private or commercial 
pilots, airport managers, or aviation executives. The members 
were tc receive either t2? per day cr actual and necessary expen- 
ses for attending the meetings of the commission. 

A Director cf Aeronautics was tc be appointed .by the commis- 
sion at a salary not to exceed 012, CCO per annum for the ouroose 
of administering the provisions of this act. 

Stats. 1947, ch. 1379, p. 2927. Approved July 11, 1947? in ef- 
fect Sept. 19, 1947. 


Special Crime Study Commissions 

Commission en Criminal lav and Procedure 

Commission en Adult Corrections and Release Procedures 

Ccm~ission on Juvenile Justice 

Commission on Social and Economic Causes cf Crime 

and Delinquency 
Commission on Organized Crime 

Youth Authority 

\ ■< 

respecting the effectiveness of all criminal laws and procedures now in 
force in California for the purpose of drafting such suggested changes as 
would make more effective the administration of criminal justice. The com- 
mission was to render its final report and recommendations to the Director 
cf Corrections net later than July 1, 1949. 

The Sp ecial Crime Study Commission on Adult Corrections and 

Release Procedures 

The Commission on Adult Corrections and Release Procedures was to con- 
sist of five members who were authorized and instructed to study, evaluate, 
and make recommendations concerning the administration and organization of 
• "all agencies of the state and local government charged with the responsi- 
bility cf detaining and caring for adult offenders from the time of arrest 
to final disposition. The commission was to render its final report to the 
Director of Corrections not later than July 1, 1949. 

The Special Crime Study Commission en Juvenile Justice 
The Commission on Juvenile Justice was to consist cf five members who 
were authorized and instructed to study, evaluate, and make recommendations 
respecting all matters having a direct bearing upon the prevention cf juve- 
nile delinquency and the protection of the welfare of children, together 

:ral problem of dea] ' ith juvenile offenders against the law, 
including their apprehension, detention, prosecution, treatment, and rehab- 
ilitation. The eemmission was to render it,; report and recommendations to 
the Director of Correction 3 not later than July 1, 1949. 

The Cpsci 'r l Criae Study ?c . . - i:m - irn en Social ~r.d Economic 
Causes of ',- i id I linauency 

- ' 

i lauses cf Crime and 3 i lency 

was to consist cf five members who were authorized and instructed to make 
inquiries into any social or economic condition in the state which appears 
to be or is contributing to crime and delinquency, either directly cr in- 
directly. The cc: : ission was to render its report and recommendations to 
the Director c£ Corrections not later than July 1, 1949. 

Th "- ■'. - ■-■-; al _ Crl.":-j ^t'^ y Cci mlssicn en Organized Cri"e 

The Commission en Organized Crime was tc consist cf five members who 
were authorized to study the general subject of organized crime in the 
state. The commission was tc render its final report and recommendations 
to the Director oT Corrections not later than July 1, 1949. 

i i 


The legislature created the Youth Authority from the model act pro- 
posed by the American Law Institute, "to protect society mere effectively 
by substituting for retributive punishment methods of training and treat- 
ment directed toward the correction and rehabilitation of young persons 
found guilty of public offenses." 
Ycuth Correction Authority 

1941 The Ycuth Correction Authority created in 1941 was to consist of 
three members whose function was to provide and administer pre- 
ventive and corrective training and treatment for persons commit- 
ted to it. The three members were to be appointed by the Gover- 
nor; two members were to be chosen from a list of persons recom- 
mended by the Advisory Pane] consisting of the President of the 
California Conference of Social 'brk, the President of the Calif- 
ornia Probation and Parole Officers Association, the President of 
the State Bar of California, the President of the California Medi- 
cal Association, and the President of the Prison Association of 
California. The members of the Authority were to serve for terms 
of four years at s salary of $0.0,000 per year, plus actual travel- 
ing expenses. One of the members was to act as chairman of the 

.Stats. 1941, ch. 937, o. 2522. Approved July 9, 1941; in effect 
Sept. 13, 1941. 

Youth \:::,]ty 

1943 The desire tc preventive as well as correctional func- 

tions of the Authority resulted in the removal of the word 

"correction" from the title. The Youth Authority was reorganized 
so that the members selected one member to serve full time as 
director. The director was given responsibility for managing the 
agency; the Authority as a board retained the power of classifi- 
cation and placement of offenders. 

The Youth Authority also increased its administrative res- 
ponsibility. The three correctional schools, Nelles, Preston, 
and. Ventura, wsre transferred from the Department of Institutions 
to the Authority, At the same time the Division of Probation, 
Department of Social '. 'elf are, became a part of the Authority. 

Stats. 1943, ch. 690, p. 22,42. Approved Kay 21, 1943j in effect 
Aug. k, 1943. 

1944 The Youth Authority was transferred to the Department of Correc- 
tions and although part of the Board of Corrections, the Author- 
ity was to remain an independent agency outside of the control 
of the Director of Corrections. 

Stats. 1944, 3rd Ex. Sess., ch. 2, p. 12. Approved Feb. 4, 1944; 
in effect May 1, 1944- 


State Ccnrdssicn on Schorl Districts 

I i 


The State Commission en Schccl Districts is an agency cf the state 
government created originally tc function outside the State Department of 
Education* On October 1, 1949, the commission will be abolished, and the 
State Board cf Education will succeed to the duties of the eoimrdssion. 

The commission /.-as created by the legislature in 1945 tc consist of 
the Superintendent of Public Instruction and eight l?.y members appointed by 
the Governor for a tern of four years (ch. 1273j p. 2333. Approved July DO, 
1945; in effect Sept. 15, 1945). The members serve without pay, but are re- 
imbursed for actual and traveling expenses. 

The objective cf the commission is to secure the initiation of local 
action which, with the consent cf the electors cf school districts concerned, 
will lead to the reorganization of local units cf school administration in 
conformity with modern conditions and standards. 


State Reconstruction and Reemployment Commission 

Office of Director cf Planning and Research 
(See Governor's Office) 


State planning was recognized as a specialized function in 1935, when 
the State Planning Beard was created as a division of the Department of 
Finance (ch. 331, p. 1153). The State Planning Beard was abolished in 1943 J 
its powers and duties '.-ere transferred tc the State Reconstruction and Re- 
employment Cor mission, created in 1943 (ch. 631, p. 2250. Approved Kay 20, 
1943,* in effect .vag. 4, 1943). The purpose of this agency was to study the 
human, natural, and economic resources cf California and to formulate and 
promote plans for readjustment of returning veterans and displaced war work- 
ers, for conversion of industry and commerce to peacetime conditions, for 
development of new industries, and for postwar adjustment and reconstruction 

The cc-^issicn was to consist of nine ire.mbers: the State Directors of 
Public ;'orks, Finance, Professional and Vocational Standards, Natural Resour- 
ces, Agriculture, Industrial Relations, the Superintendent, of Public Instruc- 
tion, the President cf the University of California, and the. Fxecutive Sec- 

rotary of the Governor. No additional compensation was to be received by 

the members. 

By the smee act was created the office of the Director, whe was execu- 
tive officer cf . ision. He was to be ppcinted re the Governor at 
a salary not to )C per year. 
Citizens Advisory Committees 

Each r State Reconstruction and Reemploys snt Ccmmis- 

sicn was tc .■:' ... cf a citizens advisory comma e r£ five 

toers selected by b! Gov :.. r i n nomination by such member. J!em- 
e of these advisor;/' cc mitteej were tc receive no compensation other 

than their actual and necessary expenses. The committees established 
were: Public *. 'crks; Development, ^reservation, and Restoration cf In- 
dustry: Coordination cf Research Facilities; Development of Natural 
Resources; Agriculture; Social and Industrial T 'elf are; Readjustment 
Education; and Demobilized Service Ken and Women* 

The Reconstruction and Reemployment Commission was abolished in 1947. 

Its powers and duties relating tc planning were transferred to the Governor. 

Stats. 1947, ch. 1408, o. 2967. Approved July 12, 1947; in effect Sent. 19, 


Office of the Adjutant General 

State Fire Marshal 

State Fire Advisory Beard 


The first act concerning the organization of the militia cf California 
provided for the office of Adjutant General in 1850. He was to be elected 
by the legislature for a ter.'n of four years. The act was amended freauently 
in subsequent years, but it wasn't until 1929, and again in 1?A6, that the 
provisions regarding this officer were materially changed. In 1929 the Ad- 
jutant General was made the administrative head of the Division of Military 
Affairs in the Department of Military and Veterans' Affairs. In 1946 the 
Office of the Adjutant General was made zn independent agency of the state 
government by the legislature. 

The Adjutant General is chief of staff of the Governor and is chief of 
the Office of the Adjutant General, and ac such < c d::iinir>ters the California 
National Guard, Naval Militia, and California Cadet Corps, and is Commanding 
General of the California State Guard. 

The Adjutant General was tc be appointed by and serve at the pleasure 
cf the Governor, a orovisicn that has been in force since 1872. Mo person 
is 1 eligible fcr appointment as Adjutant General unless he has had not less 
than a total cf ten years cf commissioned service in the California National 
Guard (amended by Stats. 1943, ch. A50, and by Stats. 1947, ch. 331). Tne 
Adjutant General has the ran'/ cf Brigadier General and receives the same pay 
as a Brigadier General in the United States Army. 


The Office of the State Fire Marshal was created by an act of the 
Legislature in 1923 for the purpose of fostering and encouraging fire pre- 
vention activities in the state. In 1927 the Legislature created the Divi- 
sion of Fire Safety in the Department cf Industrial Relations, of which the 
State Fire Marshal was ;hief, and an organization was established to carry 
en fire prevention work in cooperation with local fire officials. This 
division was abolished by the Legislature in 1945, and the duties and res- 
ponsibilities of the division were dele/rated to the State Fire Marshal, 
whose office was to be an independent office in the state government under 
this reorganization (Stats. 1945, eh. 1173, p. 2213). 

The State Fire Marshal was to be appointed by and held office at the 
pleasure of the Governor. Kis salary was raised to 310,000 per annum in 
1947 (ch. 1389, p. 2953). The functions of the office were to fester, pro- 
rate, and develop vays and means of protecting life and property against 
fire and panic. The State Fire Advisory Board was to assist the State Fire 
Marshal in his duties. 


The State Fire Advisory Beard of eleven members was to act "in an ad- 
visory- capacity to the State Fire Marshal in establishing minimum standards 
for the protection of life and property against fire and panic and for the 
coordination of activities in the State Fire Marshal's office with those of 
lecal governmental agencies" (Stats. 1945, ch. 1173, P« 2218). 

The members of the beard were to be appointed by and serve at the 
pleasure of the Orcverncr. The State Fire Marshal was to act as chairman of 
the board. The act provided that board members were to be active members 
of regularly organized fire departments and were to serve without compensa- 
tion, but were to receive their actual and necessary traveling ercoenses. 

Resunortiemr.ent Commission 


livery ten years the legislative districts are readjusted on the basis 
of the Federal Census . Provided the legislature fails to reapportion the 
Assembly and Senatorial districts, the standing Reapportionment Commission 
performs this function that is subject to the referendum vote. These re- 
apportionments ore c o be effective immediately, just as if they vrere an 
act cf the Legislature. 

1941 The Reapportionment Commission, composed cf the Lieutenant Gover- 
nor, who was chairman, the Attorney General, State Controller, 
Secretary cf State, and State Superintendent cf Public Instruc- 
tion, reapportioned the Assembly and Senatorial districts in 

Stats. 1941, ch. 143, P. 3550. Filed with the Secretary of State 
June 16, 1941. 

1945 The reapportionment measure was passed by the people in a refer- 
endum vote or. November 3, 1942. 

Re creation Commission 


The proposal to create a state recreation commission in California was 
first made by a committee appointed by the Legislature in 1914 . Similar 
proposals have been made on various occasions since 1914, but it was not 
until 1947 that the Legislature acted upon the proposals of such a committee 
end established a Recreation Commission. 

1947 The Recreation Commission was to consist of seven members ap- 
pointed by the Governor for a term of four years. The members 
were to serve without compensation, but were to be reimbursed for 
actual and necessary expenses. 

The purpose of the lav/ was to make possible the institution 
cf a comprehensive recreational policy for the state. 

The Governor, in consultation with the commission, was to 
appoint a Director of Recreation who was to be technically 
trained with adequate administrative experience in the field of 
public recreation. The director was to serve at the pleasure of 
the Governor, ?nd his salary was to be set by the commission. 

Stats. 1947, ch. 1239, P. 27/; 5. Approved July S, 1947; in effect 
. t. 19, 1947. 

State Redevelopment Agency 


The Community Redevelopment Act rf 1945 (ch. 1326, p. 2478) had the 
purpose of stimulating local rehabilitation and redevelopment of blighted 
areas. An amendment to the original act added the State Redevelopment 
Agency in 1947. The agency was to be the crgan for collecting and dissem- 
inating information en all aspects of planning and redevelopment, and was 
to act as a technical advisory body. 

1947 The State Redevelopment Agency was created in 1947. It was to 

consist of five members appointed by and serving at the pleasure 

of the Governor. Each member was to receive §20 for each day's 

actual attendance at meetings. In addition, each member was to 

be reimbursed for his actual and necessary expenses. The agency 

was to appoint a Director of Redevelopment. 

Stats. 1947, ch. 1515, p. 3141. Approved July IS, 1947; in ef- 
fect Sept. 19, 1947. 

1948 The legislature did not appropriate funds for the agency for the 
1948-1949 fiscal year. 

I < 


California. Centennials Commission 
Centennials Advisory Ccnaaittee 
CaliJ La E " Conmemc ration Cc-^-i.ssicn 

I'onterey Pier: Raising Centennial Corrmissicn 


The years 1948, 1949, and 1950 have been designated by the Legislature 
as important ones for commemc rating significant events in the histcry cf 
the state. In order tc provide fcr the appropriate observance throughout 
the state of these events, the California Centennials Commission and the 
Centennials Advisory Committee were created. 

1947 The California Centennials Commission was to consist cf five 

members v:ho were tc be appointed by and serve at the pleasure of 
the Governor. One member of the Senate and one cf the Assembly 
".-ere tc constitute a legislative interim committee to assist the 
commission. The members cf the commission -and the interim com- 
mittee were to receive no compensation for their services, but 
v:ere to be reimbursed fcr their actual and necessary expenses. 
The Governor, upon recommendation of the commission, may 
appoint local and regional advisory committees. 

Stats. 1947, oh. 456, p. 1354. Approved May 31, 1947j in effect 
Sept. 19, 1947. 


The Centennials Advisory Committee was created by the same act that 
created the California Centennials Commission. Its purpose was th'.t of ad- 
vising and conferring with the commission regarding public celebrations. 
The cor^Tiittee v. r as tc consist of twenty-five members appcinted by and serv- 
ing at the pleasure of the Gcvernor. The members were tc receive only 
their actual and necessary expenses. 

Stats. 1547, ch. 456, p. 1354. Approved >'ay 31, 1947- in effect Seot. 19, 


In crder to celebrate properly the important events in the history of 
the state, the legislature authorized the establishment of ccrrmittees and 
commissions which were responsible for planning and coordinating the cele- 
brations on a local,, regional, and state level. One of the first such ccm- 
missions to be established was the California Pear Flag Commemoration Com- 

1946 The California Bear Flag Commemoration Commission was created in 
1946 f r ~ the purpose of participating in the celebration of the 
raising r - ', - P" 1 ' " of the California Republic that was to be 
held at Sonoma, California, or. June 14, 1946. The commission was 
appropriated "7,500 for expenditure in carrying cut the provisions 
of this act. The commission was to consist of fifteen members 
appointed by the Governor. The members were to receive only 
their actual and necessary expenses. 

Stats. 1946, 1st Ex. Sees., ch. 113, P. 147. Approved Mar. 10, 
1946; in effect May 21, 1946. 


The Monterey Flag Raising Centennial Commission was cre-'ited in 1946 
for the purpose of participating in the celehrsticr. commemorating the rais- 
ing of the American Flag by Commodore Sloat (July 7 , 1346) at Monterey, 
California. The ceremony x«/as to be held at Monterey on July 7> 1946. 

The commission was to consist of fifteen members appointed by the 
Governor. The members were to be reimbursed for their actual and necessary 
expenses. The commission was appropriated $7*500 for expenditure in carry- 
ing out the previsions of this act. 

Stats. 1946, 1st Ex. Cess., ch. 70, p. 94. Approved Mar. 4, 1946; in ef- 
fect Kay 21, 1946. 


T -*crld Trade Center Authorities 
San Francisco 
Lcs Angeles 


The 1947 Legislature authorized creation cf two '* T crld Trade Centers — 
- •■ ' :\ 3sn Franciscc and one in Lcs \nreles — fcr the purpose cf festering 
and developing domestic and international trade. The administrative agen- 
cies cf the two centers were to be called 'crld Trade Center Authorities, 
and were public corporations of the state. In this capacity each authority 
was granted broad powers "to acquire, construct, complete, maintain end 
operate. . .land, buildings, hall c , structures, facilities, roads, highways, 
sidewalks, bridges, ramps, monuments, gardens, courts, tracks, and spur 
tracks, warehouses, power, heat, sewage, drainage, and utility systems, 
garages, parking areas, helicopter reefs, restaurants, concessions, auto- 
mobiles, busses, aircraft, and ships." 

San Francisco ".crld Trade Center Authority 

The San [""rancisco T " T orld Trade Center Authority % ras tc consist of 
eleven members including the Director of Public T orks, the Director of 
7irr. ; :;ce, the President of the State Poard cf Harbor Commissioners fcr 
San Francisco Harbor, and eight persons appointed by the Governor from 
the various northern counties for a terra cf four years. Members v;ere 
to ntit! tc their actual and necessary expenses, 

I c 5 ' - 1. '" Id ie Ce ter Authority 

T! I.c ies "or3 \ " • Ce iter a. >ri y was tc consist cf 

- Director cf Public I'.orks, the Director cf 
ice, ' n ■■ se 1 n rs =.] >inted by the Cov : f res the various 

; c years. bers wer - ~. r . be entitled 
tc their actual and necessary expenses. 

' f. h-l' 7 , ch. 1503, p, 3106. Approved -'■'"■- 17; 1947; in effect 

"i r ' ■ 

California Ve i 3 1 Commission 


The California Veterans' Commission was created in 1945 and was to con- 
sist cf not mere than sixteen members who were to be appointed by and serve 
at the pleasure of the Governor. Two members were to represent cities; 
two, counties; three, veterans' organizations; one, women's organizations; 
and one, the American Red Cross. Members representing governmental depart- 
ments or agencies were: one member renresenting the Department of Military 
and Veterans' Affairs; one, the Department of Education; one, the California 
Employment Stabilization Commission; one, the Reconstruction and Reemploy- 
ment Commission; one, the State Personnel Board; one, the Department of In- 
dustrial Relations; and one, the Department cf Social '-'elfare. The members 
were to serve without pay, but were to be reimbursed fcr actual necessary 
traveling expenses. 

The commission existed to function as an advisory body in coordinating 

and rendering service in establishing veterans 1 programs. 

Stats. 1945, ch. 1431, p. 2754. Approved July 2?, 1945; in effect Sept. 15, 

1946 The California Veterans' Commission was abolished, ana its duties were 

:rbed by the California Veterans' Beard when the Department of 

Military and Ve1 srans' Affairs was reorganized in 1946 (see Elizabeth 

F in , Ca" ' _ 'tate Government, Vol. 1, p. 207). 

'- 4. . I ,. - . ' . ' ■ * T 

- . 

> -■ 

■ 21, 1' 

!*, T AR surplus procurement 

Surplus "ar Prooerty Procurement Ldvisory Board 

\ 1 


The Director of Finance was empowered to purchase or acquire surplus 
war property from the Federal Government. The Surplus War Property Pro- 
curement Advisory Beard was created by the same act cf 1945 to advise the 
Director of Finance in this duty. 

1945 The Surplus "ar Property Procurement Advisory Board was to con- 
sist cf the Director of Finance as chairman, and the Directors 
cf Public Vcrks, Institutions, Corrections, Military and Veter- 
ans Affairs, Natural Resources, Youth Authority, Agriculture, 
and Education. 

Stats. 1945, ch. 992, n. 1913. Approved June 2.3, 1945; in effect 
Sept. 15, 1945.